To fly any EASA certified aircraft, from 8 April 2018 you will need to hold an EASA licence.There are two exceptions: the deadline for sailplane and balloon licences under EASA SPL, BPL, LAPL(s) or LAPL(B) is 8 April 2020 (mandatory conversion is not required prior to this date) and microlights and gyroplanes cannot be converted to an equivalent Part-FCL licence.
Pilot licensing regulations are being standardised across all member states of EASA (the European Aviation Safety Agency), including the UK. A number of new pilot licences have been introduced which replace licences issued by national authorities across Europe. These licences are known as EASA licences or Part-FCL licences, and have been mainly introduced by European Part-FCL legislation.
As of 8 April 2018, if you wish to fly any EASA registered aircraft then you must hold an EASA licence and relevant medical. If you do not already hold an EASA licence you will need to submit an EASA conversion application. If you hold an expired JAR licence, you will not be able to exercise the privileges of your licence until it has been converted to the EASA format. Lifetime UK PPLs will still be valid to fly Annex II non-EASA aircraft, subject to holding the minimum level of medical required and a valid rating. However, any privileges to fly EASA aircraft will be lost.
Our licence conversion table will help identify the most appropriate EASA licence to convert to.
Your NPPL (A) SSEA or SLMG must have been issued by the UK CAA on or before 7 April 2018 to enable you to take advantage of our conversion terms.
If you wish to fly Annex II aircraft only you do not need an EASA licence – only a national UK licence.
If you wish to fly both Annex II aircraft and EASA aircraft (and the Annex II aircraft are covered under the ratings on your EASA licence) you only need to hold an EASA licence. However, if the aircraft requires any other specific type or class rating, you will need to hold both an EASA license and a UK licence with this rating on it.
We recommend that pilots submit their applications early: we cannot guarantee that we will be able to process last-minute applications in time for the deadline, which may result in the grounding of a pilot.
EASA licences have a lifetime validity, and there will be no need to renew this licence one it has been issued. If you wish to exercise the privileges of your licence, you will need to ensure that your medical is valid and your ratings are current. Renewal/revalidation requirements can be found in CAP 804 Section 4 Part H.
An EASA Class 2 medical is required at a minimum in order to convert to and exercise the privileges of an EASA PPL.
PPL(A): The privileges of the holder of a PPL(A) are to act without remuneration as PIC or co-pilot on aeroplanes or TMGs engaged in non-commercial operations for a PPL(A). The PPL(A) is not valid to fly EASA Sailplanes and Powered Sailplanes, except Touring Motor Gliders (TMGs), with an SPL or LAPL(S) required to operate these aircraft.
PPL(H): The privileges of the holder of a PPL(H) are to act without remuneration as PIC or co-pilot of helicopters engaged in non-commercial operations.
PPL(As): The privileges of the holder of a PPL(As) are to act without remuneration as PIC or co-pilot of airships engaged in non-commercial operations.
In order to convert an NPPL(A) SSEA or SLMG to an EASA Part-FCL PPL SEP or TMG respectively, you will need to ensure that you meet the requirements as set out in CAP 804, Section 4, Part P, 3.3, 'Conversion of UK National licences and ratings'. Please note that this CAP is currently under review and for reference only, however Section 4, Part P is valid in respect of the conversion requirements from a UK issued NPPL to a LAPL.
You will be required to follow the 'virtual' LAPL route to convert your NPPL to a PPL. In short, this involves meeting the requirements for the conversion of your NPPL to a LAPL, and then meeting the requirements for the PPL on the basis of holding a LAPL (even though the LAPL is not actually granted). The relevant PPL skill test will need to be completed. These requirements are stated in Part FCL Easy Access Rules, Subpart C, Section 2 - Specific requirements for the PPL aeroplane - PPL(A), FCL.210.A.PPL(A) Experience and Crediting (b). Once these requirements have been met you are then required to undertake and pass a PPL(A) skill test with an appropriately qualified Part FCL examiner.
The following requirements will apply in order to convert to a LAPL licence:
To exercise the privileges of a Flight Radiotelephony Operators Licence, the holder must have a lifetime English Language Proficiency ICAO Level 6, or non-expired English language proficiency at ICAO Level 4 or 5, which has been tested by an approved UK CAA examiner or language school - see CAP 804, Section 4, Part M 'FCL.055 - Language Proficiency'
Please also refer to our guidance on English language proficiency testing and flight crew licensing.
On completion of the above the following documents are required:
Please note that the NPPL(A) SSEA licence must have been issued by the UK CAA on or before 7 April 2018 in order to be convertible.
If you do not already hold an NPPL(A) SSEA licence, please allow sufficient time to submit your application to the LAA and for them to submit the recommendation to us at least 10 working days prior to the 7 April.
Note that if you hold an IMC/IRR and wish to continue to exercise the privileges of this rating, you must hold at least an EASA PPL. This rating does not appear on the EASA LAPL.
An EASA LAPL medical is required at a minimum in order to convert to and exercise the privileges of an EASA LAPL.
Within the 24 months prior to intended flight, you must have completed:
LAPL(A): in a single engine piston aeroplane or TMG:
LAPL(H): on the specific helicopter:
Where the recency requirements are no longer complied with, the privileges must be renewed in accordance with Part-FCL, which requires the holder to either:
LAPL(A): The privileges of the holder of a LAPL for aeroplanes are to act as PIC on single-engine piston aeroplanes-land or TMG with a maximum certificated take-off mass of 2000 kg or less, carrying a maximum of three passengers, such that there are never more than four persons on board of the aircraft. Holders of a LAPL(A) shall only carry passengers once they have completed ten hours of flight time as PIC on aeroplanes or TMG after the issuance of the licence.
LAPL(H): The privileges of the holder of a LAPL for helicopters are to act as PIC on single-engine helicopters with a maximum certificated take-off mass of 2000 kg or less, carrying a maximum of three passengers such that there are never more than four persons on board.
In order to convert an NPPL(A) SSEA or SLMG to an EASA Part-FCL LAPL SEP or TMG respectively, you will need to ensure that you meet the requirements as set out in CAP 804, Section 4, Part P, 3.3, ‘Conversion of UK National licences and ratings’. Please note that this CAP is currently under review and for reference only, however Section 4, Part P is valid in respect of the conversion requirements from a UK issued NPPL to a LAPL. The following requirements will apply in order to convert to a LAPL licence:
Please also refer to our guidance on English language proficiency testing and flight crew licensing. On completion of the above the following documents are required:
Alternatively, you may apply using the online application form on our website.
Please note that the NPPL(A) SSEA licence must have been issued by the UK CAA on or before 7 April 2018 to be convertible. If you do not already hold an NPPL(A) SSEA licence, please allow sufficient time to submit your application to the LAA and for them to submit the recommendation to us at least 10 working days prior to the 7 April.
Ratings such as aerobatics, mountain and towing can also be converted to the EASA licence.
To exercise the privileges of an aerobatics rating, sailplane and banner towing rating, or mountain rating, the rating must be endorsed on the EASA licence when flying EASA certified aircraft after 8 April 2018. Please refer to CAP 804 Part I Section 4 Part P for conversion requirements.
To take advantage of our conversion requirements you must have been exercising privileges on your National / JAR licence before 8 April 2018.
Please note that if you wish to convert additional ratings held on a national licence of another EASA member state, such as for aerobatics or towing, you will be required to apply by submitting application form SRG 2157. In addition to this form, the UK CAA requires confirmation from the member state where this privilege is held that you have met the requirements of their conversion report for the applied for rating, including what that state would issue, and any remarks
It is not necessary for pilots wishing only to fly non-EASA (otherwise known as Annex II) aircraft to convert their licences - a UK national licence is required. Annex II of the Basic Regulation, the European legislation upon which flight crew licensing is based, lists the applicable Annex II aircraft which currently include:
More detailed information on these categories can be found in Annex II to Regulation 216/2008 (EASA Basic Regulation). The classification of an individual aircraft registered in Europe is shown on the Certificate of Airworthiness or Permit to Fly for that aircraft.
In the UK, if the aircraft type is covered by the ratings included in your EASA licence, you will be able to fly both EASA aircraft and UK-registered non-EASA aircraft on your EASA licence. However, certain non-EASA aircraft require specific UK national type ratings which can only be issued on a UK national licence (not on an EASA licence). If you wish to continue to fly these aircraft types after converting to an EASA licence, you can retain your UK national licence when making your conversion. Tick 'I wish to retain or be issued with a UK National Pilot's Licence to hold a type rating for Annex II aircraft' on the application form SRG1104 in order to be reissued with the UK PPL.
If you do not currently hold a UK national licence, you can apply for one by submitting the following:
If you wish to obtain an NPPL then these applications are made through the BMAA and you would need to contact them directly.
The requirement to hold language proficiency for use of FRTOL is stipulated by ICAO in Annex I to the International Convention on Civil Aviation. This sets out a requirement for all airplane and helicopter pilots, flight navigators and air traffic controllers to be proficient in their command of the languages that they use for radio communication.
ICAO Annex I specifies the minimum standard for the holder of a licence to be Level 4, with licence holders assessed as Level 4 or 5 to be re-tested periodically. A person assessed as Level 6 need not be re-tested. As such, the UK CAA is bound to ensure that pilots operating the radio within an aircraft hold an ICAO English Language Proficiency.
Please note that you must have a current and valid EASA part-MED medical certificate of the appropriate level (with medical records held by the CAA); a current and valid language proficiency level acceptable to the CAA and potentially current and valid type or class ratings appropriate to the privileges of the licence you wish to convert to.
Refer to CAP 1441 for further information regarding medical declaration.
You can also convert as part of another application. When you apply for a licensing change such as the issue or renewal of a rating, you must apply to convert to an EASA licence at the same time by including the additional application form and conversion fee. Conversion may be compulsory depending on the type of licence and type of application.
Compulsory conversion will occur with the following actions if you hold a JAR licence:
Please send your completed application form and supporting documentation to the following address:
Shared Service Centre
Licensing and Assessment
Gatwick Airport South
West Sussex RH6 0YR
The cost of converting is currently:
It remains a mandatory regulatory requirement that all licence holders convert their JAR licence to EASA by 8 April 2018. The current Brexit negotiations do not have any impact on this legal requirement.
Contact the licensing team at FCLWEB@caa.co.uk.
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