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UK Civil Aviation Regulations

These are published by the CAA on our UK Regulations pages. EU Regulations and EASA Access Guides published by EASA no longer apply in the UK. Our website and publications are being reviewed to update all references. Any references to EU law and EASA Access guides should be disregarded and where applicable the equivalent UK versions referred to instead.

The CAA and the Military Aviation Authority (MAA) have developed a Flying Display Director (FDD) and Airborne Flying Display Director (AFDD) accreditation scheme for both civilian and military flying displays. Both accreditation courses are currently managed and delivered by TSA Consulting Ltd on behalf of the CAA and the MAA.

Accreditation process

To obtain FDD or AFDD accreditation, applicants are required to demonstrate their experience in a number of competencies, undergo a behavioural and attitudinal fitness assessment and successfully complete an (A)FDD accreditation course. Further details can be found in CAP 403.

Applicants who successfully complete the accreditation process will be accredited with one of three flying display tier levels enabling them to act in the role of FDD up to that tier of event level or as an AFDD.

Flying Display categorisation

Flying Displays are to be categorised in accordance with the requirements contained in CAP 403. FDDs must be accredited to at least the same tier as that of the event.

Who needs to apply and when?

Any person intending to act as an FDD or as an AFDD and who will be named as such on a Flying Display Permission.

The following FDD and AFDD Accreditation courses are available:

FDD Revalidation courses:

12 March 2024

10 December 2024

15 April 2025

AFDD courses:

13 March 2024

11 December 2024

16 April 2025

FDD Initial courses:

13-14 March 2024

11-12 December 2024

16-17 April 2025

All course to be held at the Defence Academy Shrivenham

Please note that places are limited and will be allocated on a first come first served basis.

How do I apply?

Course dates, details and submission of applications can be found on the FDD training website.

Submission of the FDD Accreditation Course application form will enable the CAA/MAA to consider applications in date order before loading candidates onto courses. Please note that course places are limited, and applications will be considered on a first come first served basis.

A Form SRG1303B: Application for fitness assessment for a Flying Display Role must be submitted.

Acting as a deputy FDD and FDD currency

Flying Display Director (FDD) accreditation is valid for three years and an FDD is considered to be current providing they have acted as an FDD within the preceding two years.


Acting as deputy FDD

The CAA recommends that a suitably accredited FDD is nominated as a deputy FDD to the primary FDD.
The deputy should be familiar with all aspects of the planning of the specific Flying Display and be aware of and prepared for any duties expected of them on the day of the event. This information is available in CAP 403, Chapter 8.

An appropriately accredited FDD can act as Deputy FDD to provide resilience for an event. This individual (or individuals) must be named on the:

  • application for a Permission (CAA regulated events) and confirmed in the post event report (SRG 1305) as having taken an active in the planning and execution of the specific Flying Display.

    or the
  • RA2335 Form 1 (for MAA regulated events)
Close Acting as deputy FDD

Resetting currency status

A deputy FDD's currency status can be reset when they:

  • are nominated on the application for Permission / Form 1,
  • take an active part in the planning and execution of the Flying Display,
  • are in attendance for the duration of the Flying Display,

The currency status for the deputy FDD can be reset provided that the primary FDD:

  • ensures that the nature of the active role and precise level of participation of the deputy FDD is recorded in the Post-Display Feedback Form (SRG1305 / Form 4);
  • records that the Deputy FDD intends to use this event to reset their currency status.

The responsibility for recording this information on the form rests with the primary FDD in conjunction with the deputy FDD and not the CAA/MAA.

Close Resetting currency status

Acting as a shadow FDD

A tier-1 or tier-2 accredited FDD can 'shadow' the primary FDD of a higher tier event to build experience. This 'shadow' role can be used to improve the level of competence or with a view to upgrading to a higher tier in the future. The primary FDD should record the level of participation of the 'shadow' FDD in the SRG1305/Form 4 to enable the CAA/MAA to properly assess the level of experience of the individual.

Unless the primary FDD is a 'mentor', they should not comment on the ability or performance of the shadow FDD but limit their comments to their participation level (ie the level of their involvement in the planning and/or execution of the Flying Display).

If the primary FDD is a 'mentor', the 'shadow' FDD should ensure that the participation in the planning and/or execution of the Flying Display is appropriately logged and countersigned by the primary FDD so that any experience gained can be demonstrated at the time of application for upgrade.

Close Acting as a shadow FDD


Where an FDD acts in the capacity of primary or deputy FDD their 2-year currency status resets at the tier for which the event was performed.

For example, if a tier-3 FDD conducts a tier-2 Flying Display their 2-year currency will only reset at tier-2.

To reset their tier-3 currency, they will need to complete a tier-3 Flying Display.

FDDs who are current but have forfeited privileges may be re-accredited to their previous tier by shadowing an appropriately accredited FDD at a Flying Display. Once satisfactory evidence has been submitted to the CAA GA Unit, previously held privileges may then be restored.

Successful completion of the FDD Accreditation Course will automatically reset both the status of the 3-year FDD qualification validity and the 2-year currency at the tier for which they are accredited.

Close Currency

Further information

Further information can be found in CAP 403 or by contacting the GA unit: ga@caa.co.uk