Aircraft are divided into two areas for licensing purposes:
- EASA aircraft
- non-EASA aircraft
This classification applies to types of aircraft, not individual aeroplanes. So, for example, if a particular Cessna 172N is an EASA aircraft that is because all Cessna 172N are classed as EASA aircraft. And if one particular De Havilland Chipmunk T10 is not an EASA aircraft that is because all such Chipmunks are classed as being non-EASA. Non-EASA aircraft are also known as Annex I (one) aircraft.
Many aircraft in Europe are classed as EASA aircraft wherever they may have been manufactured or registered. This includes many of the types you'll see around flying schools – like the Cessna range, the Piper PA-28s and PA-38s, Cirrus etc.
In the UK, holders of Part-FCL EASA licences can fly both EASA and UK-registered non-EASA aircraft that are within the ratings included in their licence.
For example: The Cessna 172 is an EASA aircraft. The Tiger Moth is a non-EASA aircraft. Both are single engine piston aircraft. So if you have a Part-FCL licence, like a LAPL(A) or PPL(A) that allows you to fly with a single-engine piston rating you can fly both the Cessna 172 (EASA) and the Tiger Moth (non-EASA). But if you have a national licence, such as the UK NPPL(SSEA), after April 8th 2015 you can only fly the Tiger Moth.
With some exceptions, the following types of aircraft are defined as non-EASA aircraft and are ruled by national, not European, regulations:
- Light gyroplanes
- Ex-military aircraft
- Foot-launched aircraft
- Vintage aircraft
You do not have to have an EASA licence to fly these types of aircraft as you can fly them if you only have a national licence.
Other sorts of aircraft
You’ll need a different EASA licence if you want to fly: