• Applicants for a type rating must complete a training course and the base training/take offs and landings at an ATO.

    The type rating training course must include the mandatory training elements for the relevant type as defined in the operational suitability data established in accordance with Part-21.

    Applicants for the first type rating course for a multi-pilot aeroplane must be a student pilot currently undergoing training on an MPL training course or comply with the following requirements: 

    • have at least 70 hours of flight experience as PIC on aeroplanes; 
    • hold or have held a multi-engine IR(A); 
    • have passed the ATPL(A) theoretical knowledge examinations in accordance with Annex 1 Part FCL;
      and except when the type rating course is combined with an MCC course: 
    • hold a certificate of satisfactory completion of an MCC course in aeroplanes; or
    • hold a certificate of satisfactory completion of MCC in helicopters and have more than 100 hours of flight experience as a pilot on multi-pilot helicopters; or 
    • have at least 500 hours as a pilot on multi-pilot helicopters; or
    • have at least 500 hours as a pilot in multi-pilot operations on single- pilot multi-engine aeroplanes, in commercial air transport in accordance with the applicable air operations requirements.

    Multi-crew cooperation training course — aeroplanes 

    The MCC training course shall comprise at least: 

    • 25 hours of theoretical knowledge instruction and exercises; and 
    • 20 hours of practical MCC training, or 15 hours in the case of student pilots attending an ATP integrated course. 

    An FNPT II MCC or an FFS shall be used. When the MCC training is combined with initial type rating training, the practical MCC training may be reduced to no less than 10 hours if the same FFS is used for both the MCC and type rating training. 

    • The MCC training course shall be completed within 6 months at an ATO.
    • Unless the MCC course has been combined with a type rating course, on completion of the MCC training course the applicant shall be given a certificate of completion.
    • An applicant having completed MCC training for any other category of aircraft shall be exempted from the requirement in (a)(1).

    See FCL.735.A for details.


    Training and testing

  • The syllabus is detailed in AMC1 FCL.725(a) found at the foot of this page.

    The applicant for a class or type rating shall pass a theoretical knowledge examination organised by the ATO to demonstrate the level of theoretical knowledge required for the safe operation of the applicable aircraft class or type.

    For multi-pilot aeroplanes, the theoretical knowledge examination shall be written and comprise at least 100 multiple-choice questions distributed appropriately across the main subjects of the syllabus.

    Applicants must complete an approved course with a suitably authorised ATO.

    Skill test

    An applicant for a class or type rating shall pass a skill test in accordance with Appendix 9
    to this Part to demonstrate the skill required for the safe operation of the applicable class or type of
    aircraft.

    The applicant shall pass the skill test within a period of 6 months after commencement of the type rating training course and within a period of 6 months preceding the application for the issue of the class or type rating.

    Specific requirements for pilots undertaking a zero flight time type rating (ZFTT) course - aeroplanes

    A pilot undertaking instruction at a ZFTT course shall have completed, on a multi-pilot turbo-jet aeroplane certificated to the standards of CS-25 or equivalent airworthiness code or on a multi-pilot turbo-prop aeroplane having a maximum certificated take-off mass of not less than 10 tonnes or a certificated passenger seating configuration of more than 19 passengers, at least if: 

    • if an FFS qualified to level CG, C or interim C is used during the course, 1 500 hours flight time or 250 route sectors;
    • if an FFS qualified to level DG or D is used during the course, 500 hours flight time or 100 route sectors.

    When a pilot is changing from a turbo-prop to a turbo-jet aeroplane or from a turbo-jet to a turbo-prop aeroplane, additional simulator training shall be required. 

    See FCL.730.A for details.

  • Revalidation and renewal of ratings

  • If your rating expires, you will need to take refresher training as determined by an ATO and pass a proficiency check with a suitably qualified examiner. 

    Refresher training

    The paragraph (b)(1) of FCL.740 determines that if a class or type rating has lapsed, the applicant shall take refresher training at an ATO. The objective of the training is to reach the level of proficiency necessary to safely operate the relevant type or class of aircraft.

    The amount of refresher training needed should be determined on a case-by-case basis by the ATO taking into account the following factors:

    • the experience of the applicant;
    • the amount of time elapsed since the privileges of the rating were last used;
    • the complexity of the aircraft;
    • whether the applicant has a current rating on another aircraft type or class;
      and
    • where considered necessary, the performance of the applicant during a proficiency check for the rating in an FSTD or an aircraft of the relevant type or class.

    It should be expected that the amount of training needed to reach the desired level of competence will increase with the time elapsed since the privileges of the rating were last used.

    Once the ATO has determined the needs of the applicant, it should develop an individual training programme based on the ATO's approved course for the rating, focussing on the aspects where the applicant has shown the greatest needs.

    Theoretical knowledge instruction should be included as necessary; such as for type-specific system failures in complex aircraft. The performance of the applicant should be reviewed during the training and additional instruction provided where necessary to reach the standard required for the proficiency check.

    After successful completion of the training, the ATO should provide a training completion certificate to the applicant, describing the training provided. The training completion certificate should be presented to the Examiner prior to the Proficiency check.

    Following the successful renewal of the rating the completion certificate and examiner report form should be submitted to the competent authority, together with the relevant application form if the examiner cannot sign the certificate of revalidation in Section XII of the UK-issued licence.

    Note: Licence holders, ATOs and examiners are reminded that examiners are only authorised to sign the certificate of validation in Section XII (page 5 onwards) of a UK-issued licence when the rating is still shown on page 4 (Section XII) of the licence.

    If the rating is no longer printed on page 4 (Section XII) of the licence, but appears in the section “ratings previously held by holder”, the rating is no longer included in the licence and cannot be reinstated by an examiner. In those circumstances application for renewal of the rating must be made to the CAA so that the rating may be made valid by being included in the licence again.

    To revalidate the rating you must pass a proficiency check with an examiner.

    The proficiency check must take place within the 3 months immediately before the rating's expiry date. Please contact your nearest Approved Training Organisation for more details. 

  • Credits available

  • The terms for of ATPL, CPL and the transfer of any 3rd country non-EU Ratings or Certificates to the equivalent Part-FCL Ratings or Certificates were previously set out in Article 8 of the EASA Aircrew Regulation.  Further guidance is now available in CAP 1939.

    A current and valid class or type rating contained in a licence issued by a third country may be inserted in a Part-FCL licence provided that the applicant:

    • complies with the experience requirements and the prerequisites for the issue of the applicable type or class rating in accordance with Part-FCL;

    • passes the relevant skill test for the issue of the applicable type or class rating in accordance with Part-FCL;
    • is in current flying practice with a current and valid ICAO licence and validating medical certificate;
    • for aeroplane type ratings, 500 hours of flight experience as a pilot in that type;

    If you have flown less than 500 hours on type but are still in current flying practice, you may be eligible for a reduced course of training under the terms of Article 8 of the Aircrew Regulation.

    The credit given to the applicant will be determined by the UK CAA on the basis of a recommendation from an Approved Training Organisation prior to the course. The applicant should attend an ATO. If on the basis of assessment by the ATO the course is to be reduced, the Head of Training may make a written recommendation for a further reduction, and to the ATO's Licensing Standards Inspector who will give the recommendation consideration. Non-UK CAA Approved ATOs should submit Article 8 reduced course requests to fclweb@caa.co.uk.

    You will have to ensure that the examiner holds the appropriate qualifications and comply with the requirements of FCL.1015, relating to the examiner briefing where the competent authority for the applicant is different than that of the examiner.

    For UK examiners, please refer to Information Notice IN 2016/004 and non UK examiners please refer to Information Notice IN 2016/003.

    The simulator to be used must have a Part-FCL approval as well.

    Application

    We will need to verify your licensing details with your other authority. Therefore, you must include form SRG2142 and a certified copy of your ICAO licence, medical and logbook with your application. 

    A QMP(A) who is qualified on one of the Military Class/Types listed below, who is seeking to obtain the Class/Type rating for a Part-FCL licence shall meet all the requirements for the issue of the Part-FCL Class/Type rating for Aeroplanes, except for the credits stated below.

    Applicants may apply the credits below, towards satisfying the Part-FCL requirements.

    Class/Type rating Course Credits

    QMP(A)s who are compliant with the prerequisite requirements for the application for the Class/Type rating are required to complete additional training to comply with the standard required for the skill test, as determined by the Head of Training at an ATO approved to conduct the applicable Class/Type rating course.

    QMP(A) applicants must pass the Class/Type Rating theoretical knowledge examination and Skill Test for the issue of the applicable Class/Type rating.

    The skill test will be conducted by the holder of the appropriate Flight Examiner Certificate issued under Part-FCL.
    The following Military Aeroplanes acceptable for this purpose are:

    • BAC 1-11,
    • BAe 125/HS 125
    • BAe 146/Avro RJ
    • Jetstream T3 (Jetstream 31/32)
    • L1011 Tristar
    • Hercules C1/C3 (not 130J) - (Lockheed L382G)
    • Voyager Tanker - (Airbus A330-200)
    • A400M (nathan question mark on this one)
    • Rivet Joint

    Pilots holding a flight test rating issued in accordance with FCL.820 who were involved in development, certification or production flight tests for an aircraft type, and have completed either 50 hours of total flight time or 10 hours of flight time as PIC on test flights in that type, shall be entitled to apply for the issue of the relevant type rating, provided that they comply with the experience requirements and the prerequisites for the issue of that type rating, as established in this Subpart for the relevant aircraft category.


  • How to apply

  • There are three ways to apply for a single engine piston rating; using e-Licensing, using our online Avoka form or using our paper forms. 

    e-Licensing

    If you choose to apply using e-Licensing, you will need to upload supporting documents as part of the application.

    Applicants will be asked for different supporting documentation depending on the selections they have made during the application. The table below lists the evidence you may be asked for and what you should upload in that section. 

    Table caption
    Name in e-Licensing  Document required
    Identification Document A certified copy of your ID
    Type Rating Skills Test (SRG2199)

    Examiner report form SRG2199

    Examiner's licence, medical, examiner certificate if non-UK

    ATO approval if non-UK

    Simulator approval if non-UK

    PBN declaration

    Type Rating ATO Course Certificate

    Course completion certificate

    Evidence of take offs and landings unless ZFTT course completed

    Multi Crew Cooperation course completion certificate (MCC) if it is your first multi-pilot test

    Certified copy of licence for update rating(s) A certified copy of your licence

     

    Please note that you cannot use e-Licensing to submit your application if you are using credits from a Third Country Licence. In this instance, you would need to submit a paper form instead.  

    Online application 

    You may choose to submit your application using our online form.

    If you choose this method, you will need to upload the following supporting evidence:

    • Examiners report form SRG2199
    • A copy of your Examiner's licence, medical and Authorisation (only if you used a non-UK examiner for the skills test)
    • A copy of the simulator approval certificate (only if you used a non-UK simulator for the skills test)
    • Course Completion Certificate or form SRG1107
    • A copy of the EASA ATO Approval Certificate (if the course was completed with a non-UK ATO)
    • Evidence of take offs and landings (unless ZFTT course completed)
    • Form SRG1112 (only if take offs and landings were conducted with a different ATO)
    • Multi-Crew Cooperation (MCC) course completion certificate (only if it is your first Multi-Pilot test)
    • A certified copy of your licence

    Paper forms 

    The paperwork you would need to submit is as follows:

    • Application form SRG1119a
    • Examiner report form SRG2199
    • A copy of your Examiner's licence, medical and Authorisation (only if you used a non-UK examiner for the skills test)
    • A copy of the simulator approval certificate (only if you used a non-UK simulator for the skills test)
    • Course Completion Certificate or form SRG1107
    • A copy of the EASA ATO Approval Certificate (if the course was completed with a non-UK ATO)
    • Evidence of take offs and landings (unless ZFTT course completed)
    • Form SRG1112 (only if take offs and landings were conducted with a different ATO)
    • Multi-Crew Cooperation (MCC) course completion certificate (only if it is your first Multi-Pilot test)
    • A certified copy of your licence

    UK military pilots need to additionally submit completed form SRG2133

    Pilots applying on the basis of holding the type rating on a Third Country ICAO licence will also need to submit the following paperwork:

    • Third country verification application SRG2142
    • Original or certified copy of valid ICAO licence and medical
    • Evidence of currency on type (certified logbooks pages)

    This paperwork can be sent by post to our Gatwick Office or by email to licenceapplications@caa.co.uk.

    If your licence has been signed up in the field, there is no need to make an application. However, you must ensure that your examiner emails the paperwork to licenceapplications@caa.co.uk, so this can be stored on your file. 

    If you have an e-Licensing account, you will need to update the expiry date of your rating so that the information in your portal matches your licence. Please refer to our e-Licensing guidance for more information. 

    If your examiner has not endorsed your licence, you will need to submit the following paperwork for us to reissue your licence:

    • Application form SRG1119B
    • Examiners report form SRG2199
    • A copy of your Examiner's licence, medical and Authorisation (only if you used a non-UK examiner for the proficiency check)
    • A copy of the simulator approval certificate (only if you used a non-UK simulator for the proficiency check)
    • A certified copy of your licence

    If your licence has been signed up in the field, there is no need to make an application. However, you must ensure that your examiner emails the paperwork to licenceapplications@caa.co.uk, so this can be stored on your file. 

    If you have an e-Licensing account, you will need to update the expiry date of your rating so that the information in your portal matches your licence. Please refer to our e-Licensing guidance for more information.

    If your licence was not endorsed by your examiner, or the rating is on the back of your licence, you need to submit an application to the CAA.

    There are three ways to apply for a renewal; using e-Licensing, using our online Avoka form or using our paper forms. 

    e-Licensing

    To renew your rating, click on the 'i' next to your rating and then click on 'Apply to Reinstate Rating'.

    The table below lists the evidence you may be asked for as part of your application and what you should upload in that section. 

    Name in e-Licensing Document required 
    Identification Document A certified copy of your ID
    Type Rating Skills Test Reinstate Examiner report form SRG2199
    • Examiner's licence, medical, examiner certificate if non-UK
    • ATO approval if non-UK
    • Simulator approval if non-UK

    Type Rating ATO Course Certificate Reinstate

    Course completion certificate

    Certified Copy of licence for update rating(s)

    A certified copy of your licence


    Online application


    You can submit your application using our online form

    If you choose this method, you will need to upload the following supporting evidence:

    • Examiner report form SRG2199
    • A copy of your Examiner's licence, medical and Authorisation (only if you used a non-UK examiner for the proficiency check)
    • A copy of the simulator approval certificate (only if you used a non-UK simulator for the proficiency check)
    • A copy of the EASA ATO Approval Certificate (if the course was completed with a non-UK ATO)
    • Certificate of Course Completion or form SRG1107
    • A certified copy of your licence

    Paper forms

    The paperwork you would need to submit to apply for a renewal is as follows:

    • Application form SRG1119C
    • Examiner report form SRG2199
    • A copy of your Examiner's licence, medical and Authorisation (only if you used a non-UK examiner for the proficiency check)
    • A copy of the simulator approval certificate (only if you used a non-UK simulator for the proficiency check)
    • A copy of the EASA ATO Approval Certificate (if the course was completed with a non-UK ATO)
    • Certificate of Course Completion or form SRG1107
    • A certified copy of your licence

    This paperwork can be sent by post to our Gatwick Office or by email to licenceapplications@caa.co.uk

    During the current Covid-19 pandemic, we ask that all paperwork is sent to us electronically.

  • During the current Covid-19 pandemic, we ask that all paperwork is sent to us electronically.

    Guidance on documentation

    For questions relating to paperwork, such as how to obtain certified copies of documents, please refer to guidance on documentation.

    Contact us 

    If you have any questions please contact our licensing team: 

    Email fclweb@caa.co.uk (preferred)
    Phone 0330 022 1972 (Mon - Fri 08:30 - 16:30)


  • Related Information

    Please ensure that your training provider is approved to conduct the training that you are undertaking.

    We strongly recommend you check that your instructor and examiner hold the relevant privileges to conduct the training and any flight test, examination or assessment of competence that is being carried out.

    How to find a UK examiner or UK approved school

    EASA ratings list and flight simulators