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UK – EU Transition, and UK Civil Aviation Regulations

To access current UK civil aviation regulations, including AMC and GM, CAA regulatory documents, please use this link to UK Regulation. Please note, if you use information and guidance under the Headings below, the references to EU regulations or EU websites in our guidance will not be an accurate information or description of your obligations under UK law. These pages are undergoing reviews and updates.

The minimum age to get an ATPL is 21 years old and you will need to hold a Part MED Class 1 Medical Certificate.

If you hold an ATPL you can, in the appropriate aircraft category:

  • exercise all the privileges of the holder of a LAPL, PPL and CPL.
  • act as pilot in command (PIC) of aircraft flown for commercial air transport operations.

Applicants for the issue of an ATPL shall have fulfilled the requirements for the type rating of the aircraft used in the skill test.

Upgrading from a Multi Pilot Licence MPL

If you are upgrading to an ATPL from an MPL, and you do not hold any privileges on your MPL for a single pilot aircraft, then your ATPL will continue to be restricted to multi-crew operations only, as your MPL would have been.

Training

To apply for an ATPL, you must have fulfilled the training and experience requirements for the type rating of the aircraft used in the skill test.

For example, if you are taking the skill test on a Boeing 737, you must have met the relevant flight training requirements for that type of aircraft before the Skill Test.

Pre-requisites

If you are applying for an ATPL (A) you will need to already:

  • hold an MPL,
    or
  • hold a CPL (A) and a multi-engine IR for aeroplanes and have completed instruction in multi-crew co-operation (MCC).

Theoretical

Theoretical knowledge examinations

When you apply for your ATPL, you must have previously passed the ATPL theoretical knowledge exams in the relevant subject areas. You will likely have done this as part of your training towards the CPL/IR or MPL.

The theoretical knowledge areas include:

  • Air law
  • Aircraft general knowledge - airframe/systems/powerplant
  • Aircraft general knowledge - instrumentation
  • Mass and balance
  • Performance
  • Flight planning and monitoring
  • Human performance
  • Meteorology
  • General navigation
  • Radio navigation
  • Operational procedures
  • Principles of flight
  • Visual flight rules (VFR) communications
  • Instrument flight rules (IFR) communications
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Flying

Flight time

You must have completed a minimum of 1500 hours of flight time in aeroplanes, including at least:

1. 500 hours in multi-pilot operations on aeroplanes

2. 500 hours as Pilot in command under supervision (PICUS) or
250 hours as Pilot in Command (PIC)
or
250 hours to include a minimum of 70 hours as PIC and the remainder as PICUS.

3. 200 hours of cross-country flight time, of which at least 100 hours should be as PIC or as PIC under supervision

4. 75 hours of instrument time, of which not more than 30 hours can be instrument ground time

5. 100 hours of night flight as PIC or co-pilot.

Of the 1500 hours of total flight time required, up to 100 hours can be completed in a suitable simulator (FFS or FNPT - but only a maximum of 25 hours may be completed in an FNPT).

Multi-pilot experience gained in single pilot aircraft

For two pilot operations in single pilot aeroplanes to be accepted as “Multi-pilot operations” you must show evidence that the approval of the operator to carry out the flight included a legal requirement that two pilots acting together was the minimum allowable crew for the flight.

The European Aircrew Regulation includes the following definitions:

Multi-pilot operation

For aeroplanes, it means an operation requiring at least 2 pilots using multi-crew cooperation in either multi-pilot or single-pilot aeroplanes;

For helicopters, it means an operation requiring at least 2 pilots using multi-crew cooperation on multi-pilot helicopters.

Multi-pilot aircraft

For aeroplanes, it means aeroplanes certificated for operation with a minimum crew of at least two pilots;

For helicopters, airships and powered-lift aircraft, it means the type of aircraft which is required to be operated with a co-pilot as specified in the flight manual or by the air operator certificate or equivalent document.

A flight with two pilots who are simply taking turns to fly - and where the flight could still take place if only one pilot was available - is not a multi-pilot operation. For a flight to be accepted as multi-pilot the law that applied to the flight must require 2 pilots.

Documentary evidence from both the operator (Air Operator's Certificate clearly identifying the nature of the operations) and the national authority concerned confirming that the aircraft used was required to be operated solely by 2 pilots qualified on type will be required as well as logbook evidence.

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Skill test

At the end of training and when all licence requirements have been met, you will need to take a skill test with an examiner.

The skill test shall be taken in the aeroplane or an adequately qualified FFS representing the same type.

Applicants for an ATPL(A) shall pass a skill test in accordance with Appendix 9 to Part FCL to demonstrate the ability to perform, as PIC of a multi-pilot aeroplane under IFR, the relevant procedures and manoeuvres with the competency appropriate to the privileges granted.

For the issue of a licence the applicant shall apply not later than 6 months after having succeeded at the skill test.

All theoretical and hours requirements must have been met before the skills test is completed.

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Crediting

Third country licence holder

Full credit towards the requirement to complete a training course prior to undertaking the theoretical knowledge examinations may be available if you hold:

  • a current and valid ATPL issued by or on behalf of a third country that is ICAO compliant (see Annex 1 to the Chicago Convention).

  • a validating medical for your third country licence.

  • a valid multi pilot type rating on your third country licence for the same type of aircraft that will be used for the ATPL skill test (an EASA. approved multi-pilot type).

You must meet the experience requirements for the ATPL.

Application

We will need to verify your licensing details with your other authority. Therefore, you must include form SRG 2142 and a copy of your ICAO licence, medical and logbook/s with your application. Please see 'How to apply' section below for more information.

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UK military flight crew

The Military Accreditation Scheme sets out the credits for UK Military Flight Crew, so the scheme is only open to serving Members of HM UK Forces or people discharged from HM UK Forces.

The scheme is only open to people who can provide proof of UK Military service.

Theoretical

QMP(A)s who hold or have held an Operational Category and Unrestricted Military Green IR (Aeroplanes) are credited the requirement to complete a theoretical knowledge instruction course as set out in FCL.515 and Appendix 3, paragraph B prior to attempting the theoretical knowledge examinations for the ATPL(A).

Flying

Qualified Military Pilots who hold or have held an operational category with a Military
Unrestricted Green Instrument Rating to operate military multi-pilot aeroplanes may
apply the credits below, towards satisfying the Part-FCL requirements.

The following types are considered to be multi-pilot aeroplanes for this purpose:

  • Andover
  • BAC 1-11
  • BAe 125
  • BAe 146
  • C17 Hercules (C1/C3 and C4/C5 variants)
  • Jetstream T3
  • Nimrod
  • Rivet Joint
  • Sentinel
  • Sentry
  • Tristar VC10
  • Voyager Tanker (Airbus A330-200).

Multi pilot experience gained on the Shadow can be accepted towards the ATPL issue but the ATPL cannot be opened with this type.

Qualified Military Pilots are given full credit for the Multi Crew Cooperation (MCC) and the requirement to undergo a training course before taking the skill test for the issue of an ATPL(A).

You must hold or have held:

  • an Operational Category and Unrestricted Military Green IR (Aeroplanes) to operate military multi-pilot aeroplanes

You must also have met the experience requirements for an ATPL(A).

The skill test must be conducted by the holder of a Type Rating Examiner (TRE) Certificate for the aeroplane type, authorised to conduct an ATPL skill test, issued under Part-FCL.

The skill test must be conducted in:

  • an appropriate multi-pilot type of military aeroplane on which you are or have been qualified to operate as a QMP, suitably equipped for the purpose, which has an EASA civilian equivalent;
    or
  • an appropriate multi-pilot type of civilian aeroplane provided you have completed the Part-FCL requirements for inclusion of that type with IR in a Part-FCL licence except the type rating skill test.

Application

You will need to include form SRG2133 with your application

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Holders of a UK issued Part FCL licence in another category

Theoretical

An applicant for an ATPL holding a valid ATPL in another category of aircraft needs to complete
theoretical knowledge bridge instruction at an ATO according to the differences identified between the ATPL syllabi for different aircraft categories.

The applicant shall pass theoretical knowledge examinations as defined in this Part for the following subjects in the appropriate aircraft category:

  • 021 - Aircraft General Knowledge: Airframe and Systems, Electrics, Powerplant, Emergency Equipment
  • 022 - Aircraft General Knowledge: Instrumentation
  • 032/034 - Performance Aeroplanes or Helicopters, as applicable,
  • 070 - Operational Procedures,
    and
  • 080 - Principles of Flight ( aeroplanes)

The applicant is credited the remaining ATPL(A) examinations.

An applicant for an ATPL(A) having passed the relevant theoretical examination for a CPL(A) or CPL (H) is credited towards the theoretical knowledge requirements in subject VFR communications.

An applicant for an ATPL(A) having passed the relevant theoretical examination for an IR(A) or IR(H) is credited towards the theoretical knowledge requirements in subject IFR Communications.

Flying

When the applicant holds a current and valid pilot licence for another categories of aircraft they can be credited with flight time up to a maximum of:

  • for TMG or sailplanes, 30 hours flown as PIC;
  • for helicopters, 50% of all the flight time requirements for the issue of an ATPL(A).

Holders of a UK issued flight engineer licence may be credited with 50% of the flight engineer time up to a maximum of 250 hours. These 250 hours may be credited against the 1500 hours of total flight time listed above and the 500 hours multi-pilot operations requirement above, provided that the total credit given against any of these does not exceed 250 hours.

The experience requirement shall be completed before the skill test for the ATPL(A) is taken.

Close Holders of a UK issued Part FCL licence in another category

Further information

Full guidance on the privileges, training and hours requirements for an ATPL(A) can be found in Subpart F of Part-FCL Easy Access Rules.

How to apply

There are two methods you can use to apply for an ATPL(A) issue; e-Licensing or Online application.

If you have previously used e-Licensing, please apply using this method.

e-Licensing

If you choose to apply using e-Licensing, you will need to upload supporting documents as part of the application. Applicants will be asked for different supporting documentation depending on the selections they have made during the application. The table below lists the evidence you may be asked for and what you should upload in that section.

Document required

Name in e-Licensing Document required
Identification Document A certified copy of your photo ID
ATPL Skills Test

Examiner report form SRG2199

+ Examiner's licence, medical & examiner certificate (if non-UK examiner used)

These will all need to be uploaded as one PDF document.

Flying Experience with PIC/US Letter

PICUS letter from airline

+MPL restriction removal letter if applicable

ATPL Flying Hours Confirmation

Form CAA5013

Or

Form CAA5014 for military credits along with SRG2133

Certified copy of licence for update rating(s) ATPL (A) A certified copy of your licence

You should not upload Online application form as eLicensing replaces this form.

Please note that you cannot use e-Licensing to submit your application if you are using credits from a Third Country Licence. In this instance, you would need to submit an Online form SRG1183 instead along with the SRG2142 Online application for a Third Country verification.

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Online application form

You can submit your application using our online application form SRG1183.

If you choose this method, you will need to upload the following supporting evidence:

  • Examiner report form SRG2199 with a copy of the non-UK Simulator approval certificate if you used a non-UK simulator for the skills test
  • A copy of your Examiner's licence, medical and authorisation (only required if you used a non-UK examiner for the skills test)
  • A copy of the online hours confirmation for the issue of an ATPL completed by your ATO (CAA5013)
  • A certified copy of your licence
  • A certified copy of your valid passport (preferred), or a certified copy of your full UK photographic driving licence
  • A certified copy of your relevant logbook pages/UK AOC hours confirmation to confirm your hours and experience.

If your Theoretical knowledge (TK) exams have been passed with another NAA:

  • A copy of Part-FCL theoretical knowledge exam results as provided by the relevant authority
  • A copy of theoretical knowledge course completion certificate completed by the relevant authority (CAA5004 or Training Organisation equivalent)
  • A copy of the non-UK ATO approval certificate detailing TK assessment approval (You are only required to submit the front page of the non-UK ATO approval, the pages relevant to the aircraft type or course and the final approval page signed by the National Aviation Authority (NAA)).

If you do not have a UK issued RT licence:

  • A copy of your evidence of UK Examination and Test for Grant of FRTOL (CAA5003)

UK military pilots need to additionally submit completed Military Accreditation Scheme (MAS) form SRG2133, with certified copies of relevant pages of the military logbook

Pilots applying on the basis of holding a Third Country ICAO licence will also need to submit the following paperwork:

  • Third country verification application SRG2142
  • A certified copy of valid ICAO licence and medical
  • A certified copy of ICAO logbook pages to confirm your hours and experience

How to get copies of your documents certified

File size limit

Please note that there is currently 200Mb size limit to files uploaded to our forms. If your attachments exceed 200Mb, you should send all supporting documentation to fclweb@caa.co.uk quoting your application reference number.

All documents should be uploaded with a different filename clearly stating the content of the file attachment (for example Passport, Licence copy etc.)

Submitting documents with the same filename may result in the loss of information in the system and added delays to the application assessment.

For questions relating to paperwork, such as how to obtain certified copies of documents please refer to guidance on documentation.

Close Online application form

Related Information

Schools and training

Please ensure that your training provider is approved to conduct the training that you are undertaking.

We strongly recommend you check that your instructor and examiner hold the relevant privileges to conduct the training and any flight test, examination or assessment of competence that is being carried out.

How to find a UK examiner or UK approved school

EASA ratings list and flight simulators

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