Today the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) announced the conclusions of its review of the impact of a 2013 airspace change for departures from Gatwick Airport.
European and national projects are improving airspace infrastructure to deliver a more efficient use of airspace and enable environmental improvements including fuel and CO2 savings by aircraft flying more direct routes. As part of this work Gatwick Airport sought the CAA's approval to implement changes to their departure routes which we approved on 14 August 2013.
These changes meant a move away from old ground-based navigation in order to utilise the improved navigational capabilities associated with satellite-based systems. Our approval was given after a consultation by the airport.
Around one year after implementation of such an airspace change the CAA reviews whether the anticipated impacts and benefits have been delivered. In this case the review included a comprehensive study of flight paths flown and assessment of the significant amount of feedback we received from the general public, particularly over noise concerns.
In summary our review has concluded:
- Six routes have delivered the aim of the change and will remain in their current state. These are routes 1, 3, 6, 7, 8 and 9.
- One route has not delivered the aim of the change and must be modified to an acceptable standard. This is route 4 which departs from the westerly runway and then turns right to head east to route north of the airport.
- Two routes have delivered the aim of the change to an acceptable standard but Gatwick has been required to consider whether modification could deliver a better outcome. These are routes 2 and 5. route 2 is from the easterly runway and turns right to route towards the south-coast and route 5 departs to the east from the easterly runway.
(For further information about each route, please see Notes to Editors section)
Gatwick Airport has been informed of our conclusions and is already working on the modifications we have required with a priority on route 4. Both Gatwick and the CAA will work to implement any acceptable modifications taking into account internationally agreed schedules for publishing changes to airspace.
Read the full review.
Phil Roberts, Head of Airspace, Air Traffic Management & Aerodromes, at the CAA, said: “We absolutely understand that aircraft noise disturbs many people and we have taken the required amount of time to fully assess the considerable amount of feedback we have received from across the local communities.
“As we have done throughout this review, we will continue to consider the environmental impact of all our airspace decisions and have called on the aviation industry and other decision-makers to be much more ambitious in confronting aviation's environmental challenges.”
For more information, please email the CAA Press Office at firstname.lastname@example.org, or call 020 7453 6030. You can follow the CAA on Twitter at @UK_CAA
Notes to editors
UK airspace is a very limited and important part of our national transport infrastructure but the basic structure of the UK's airspace was developed over forty years ago. Since then there have been huge changes, including a hundred fold increase in demand for aviation.
Throughout Europe there is a move to simplify and harmonise the way airspace and air traffic control is used through the Single European Sky project. In the UK and Ireland we're meeting those and other issues through the Future Airspace Strategy (FAS), which sets out a plan to modernise airspace by 2020. You can see more information at www.caa.co.uk/fas.
More information on UK airspace and how the CAA handles applications for airspace changes can be found on our website.
Route 1: Westbound traffic towards Southampton from the westerly runway.
Route 2: Southbound traffic towards Seaford for routes across the English Channel from the easterly runway.
Route 3: Westbound traffic towards Southampton from the easterly runway.
Route 4: Eastbound traffic from the westerly runway which splits into four routes towards: Dover for eastbound traffic; Clacton for eastbound/northeast bound traffic; towards the Brentwood area for northbound routes and towards Biggin Hill for positioning flights to Heathrow.
Route 5: Eastbound traffic from the easterly runway which then splits into three routes towards: Dover for eastbound traffic, Clacton for eastbound/northeast bound traffic, and towards Biggin Hill for positioning flights to Heathrow.
Route 6: Eastbound traffic from the easterly runway which then turns north towards the Brentwood area for routes to the north.
Route 7: Southbound traffic towards Bognor Regis for routes across the English Channel (day time only) from the westerly runway.
Route 8: Southbound traffic towards Seaford for routes across the English Channel (night time only) from the westerly runway.
Route 9: Eastbound traffic towards Dover, northeast bound via Clacton or northbound via the Brentwood area from the westerly runway, but used as an overload route only.