In accordance with Regulation (EU) No 748/2012, as retained (and amended in UK domestic law) under the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018, all UK Part 21 aircraft types that qualify for a Part 21 Certificate of Airworthiness (C of A) are issued with a non-expiring C of A, validated annually with an Airworthiness Review Certificate (ARC). This annual validation will be either the issue of a new ARC or an Extension of the validity of the current ARC.
The Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) has determined that some aircraft types are required to meet Additional Requirements for Importation (ARI) before a Certificate of Airworthiness can be issued.
- Mandatory requirements for Airworthiness (CAP 747).
- Civil Aircraft Airworthiness Information and Procedures (CAAIP) - Leaflet C-50 (CAP 562), UK Certification of Aircraft that are Eligible for the Issue of a Part 21 or non-Part 21 Certificate of Airworthiness, provides useful guidance information on the procedure for obtaining a Certificate of Airworthiness.
If a concession is required, please advise the Shared Service Centre when you apply.
There are currently two methods by which a Part 21 Certificate of Airworthiness and ARC can be issued.
- Surveyor Involvement (details provided below under 'What to Expect').
- Direct / Indirect Issue (details provided below under 'What to Expect').
For used aircraft being imported into the UK, a check flight is required to support the airworthiness review.
Please note: The term Certificate of Airworthiness in the context of this information include aircraft that qualify for a ‘Restricted Certificate of Airworthiness’ (R C of A).
In order to successfully make an application you must provide:
- details of the aircraft
- approved organisation details
- location of the aircraft for survey (if required)
Please note: The aircraft must be registered in the UK before any Airworthiness Certificate can be issued.
As required by UK Reg (EU) No 1079/2012 (the UK Voice Channel Spacing Regulation), all new aircraft issued with an individual Certificate of Airworthiness after 17 November 2013, which have VHF radios fitted, are required to have a radio with an 8.33KHz channel spacing. It is the owner's/operator's responsibility to ensure that the aircraft is appropriately equipped with such a radio.
- International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), Article 31
- Air Navigation Order
- Mandatory Requirements for Airworthiness (CAP 747)
- Civil Aircraft Airworthiness Information and Procedures (CAAIP) - Leaflet C-50 (CAP 562), UK Certification of Aircraft that are eligible for the Issue of a Part 21 or non-Part 21 Certificate of Airworthiness
- UK Reg (EU) No.1321/2014
- CAA Scheme of Charges (Airworthiness, Noise Certification and Aircraft and Aircraft Engine Emissions)
- C of A Online Application Form
- Part 21 C of A Fee Calculator
- SRG 1718 Form (Same Day and Special Delivery Services)
A Satisfactory Airworthiness Review in accordance with (UK) Part M (M.A.710) must be completed and a Recommendation for an ARC issue made for all used aircraft before the Certificate of Airworthiness can be issued. This should be provided to the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) before any survey.
Any new aircraft which has been imported into the UK with a Part 21 Form 52 or Export Certificate of Airworthiness which has not had the UK Certificate of Airworthiness issued within 60 days of import will require a Satisfactory Airworthiness Review in accordance with (UK) Part M (M.A.710) and a Recommendation for an ARC issue made. This should be provided to the CAA before any survey.
- Airworthiness Transfer Documentation;
- For new aircraft constructed in the EU, “Statement of conformity to the UK Type Design” - EASA Form 52
- For new aircraft constructed outside the EU, Export Certificate of Airworthiness issued within the 60 days preceding receipt of the application by the CAA (Please Note: UK Regulations require the transfer statement in this case to declare compliance to a Type Design approved by CAA)
- For used Part 21 Aircraft, an Export Certificate of Airworthiness issued within the 60 days preceding receipt of the application by the CAA.
The application will be reviewed to determine if Airworthiness Surveyor involvement is required.
The Service Standard for the processing of instructions for your application to our Resource Scheduling Team is 15 working days from receipt of your correctly completed application and clearance of the required fee.
Please note, the application should include all required supporting documents, accepted exceptions, validations and qualifying data.
The applicant will be contacted to arrange date(s) for survey of the aircraft and the associated aircraft records by our Resource Scheduling Team. A Certificate of Airworthiness, Airworthiness Review Certificate and Noise Certificate (if required) will be issued when the aircraft has been shown to meet the applicable requirements and is deemed airworthy.
C of A Issue/Subsequent Issue - Surveyor Involvement
- Complete the C of A Online Form and pay the applicable fee online.
- The application will be passed to the Technical Section for review.
- Further information to substantiate the application may be required - the Maintenance Organisation or CAMO will usually be the contact for this information.
- Upon successful review of the application, it will be determined if Surveyor Involvement is required (advice will be given if the application is to be processed as a Direct/Indirect Issue).
- The Resource Scheduling team will arrange for the Regional Office Surveyor to survey the aircraft.
- A Certificate of Airworthiness, Airworthiness Review Certificate and Noise Certificate (if applicable) will be issued once the Regional Office Surveyor is satisfied that all necessary paperwork is in order and that the aircraft is airworthy.
C of A Issue - Direct/Indirect Issue
A Direct Issue can only be considered for a new aircraft that has not yet moved from the manufacturer. An indirect issue can only be considered for newly manufactured non-complex aircraft types excluding multi-engine helicopters.
A lead time of at least four weeks' notice is required. Direct/Indirect Issue is carried out at the discretion of the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA). If you believe a Direct/Indirect Issue may be possible, please contact the Shared Service Centre to discuss this in further detail. The CAA reserves the right to revert any application to 'Surveyor Involvement' at their discretion.
To apply for the issue of a Part 21 Certificate of Airworthiness using the Direct/Indirect Issue process:
- Complete the C of A Online Form and pay the applicable fee online and acceptable transfer documentation/confirm the acceptable transfer documentation that will be available.
- The application will be passed to a Technical Standards Surveyor in the Technical Section for review.
- Further information may be required to substantiate the application, the Maintenance Organisation or CAMO will usually be the contact for this information.
At this stage it may be identified that the application may be considered for a Direct Issue.
- If a Direct Issue is agreed, the technical section will liaise with the manufacturer and applicant to organise the delivery of certificates and other relevant paperwork to the manufacturer.
- At the time of delivery, the manufacturer issues the relevant certificates and forwards all required paperwork to the technical section.
- If an indirect issue is agreed, the technical section will liaise with the maintenance organisation or CAMO to organise receipt of all relevant, required paperwork.
- At the time of registration and receipt of the above, the C of A, ARC and noise certificate (if required) will be forwarded to the registered owner.
We cannot accept an aircraft for Direct/Indirect Issue if any of the following are applicable:
- the aircraft is designated as a "first of type"
- the aircraft moves for finishing - i.e., away from the manufacturer's factory facility
- there are derogations/exceptions to the aircraft UK Part 21 Type Certificate Data Sheet (TCDS) or unapproved modifications or Supplemental Type Certificates (STCs)
In accordance with Annex I (Part M) of UK Reg (EU) No 1321/2014 ((UK) Part M), all Part 21 aircraft types that qualify for a CAA Certificate of Airworthiness (C of A) are issued with a non-expiring C of A, validated annually with an Airworthiness Review Certificate (ARC).