• The minimum age to get a CPL is 18 and you will need to hold a Part MED Class 1 Medical Certificate

    If you hold a CPL you can, on the appropriate aircraft category:

    1. exercise all the privileges of the holder of a LAPL and a PPL.  (To exercise LAPL privileges you will need a LAPL licence)
    2. act as pilot in command (PIC) or co-pilot of any aircraft operations other than commercial air transport  
    3. act as PIC in commercial air transport of any single-pilot aircraft.
    4. act as co-pilot in commercial air transport.

    Requirements

    Training requirements differ depending on the aircraft category and training route you take.  These are set out below.

    However, in all cases, you must fulfil the class or type rating requirements for the aircraft you take your CPL skill test on. For example, if you are taking the skill test on a multi-engine piston aeroplane (MEP) class, you must have met the relevant flight training requirements. 

    You must successfully complete theoretical exams and flight instruction at an approved training organisation (ATO).

  • As part of the application for CPL, you will need to demonstrate that you have an appropriate level of theoretical knowledge by passing exams in the following subject areas:

    • Air law
    • Aircraft general knowledge - airframe/systems/powerplant
    • Aircraft general knowledge - instrumentation
    • Mass and balance
    • Performance
    • Flight planning and monitoring
    • Human performance
    • Meteorology
    • General navigation
    • Radio navigation
    • Operational procedures
    • Principles of flight
    • Visual flight rules (VFR) communications

    You will also need to take ATPL and / or Instrument rating level theoretical knowledge examinations depending on the course of training you are taking.

    Please refer to the specific course(s) you are taking for details. These are shown below.

    At the end of training, and when all requirements for licence issue have been met, you will need to take a skill test with an examiner.

    This is to demonstrate that the procedures and manoeuvres that you will have been taught during training can be carried out competently as pilot in command (PIC) on the relevant aircraft category.

    Please refer to Standards Documents 1A, 3, 7 and Appendices 4 and 7 of Part FCL for more details.


  • Training

    ATP(A) integrated training course

    The aim of the course is to obtain a CPL (A) and an IR (A), including multi-crew cooperation (MCC) course to enable the pilot to operate as a co-pilot on multi pilot commercial operations, subject to holding a multi-pilot type rating.

    Your theoretical knowledge and exams will be of the level required for issue of an ATPL (A) once you have completed the necessary flying experience and skills test to upgrade your licence.

  • Theoretical knowledge training

    You will need to complete at least 750 hours of theoretical knowledge training, plus at least 25 hours for MCC.

    Theoretical knowledge examination

    You will need to pass the ATPL (A) exams to demonstrate an appropriate level of theoretical knowledge.

    Requirement Required number of hours Crediting for previous experience
    Total flying training at least 195 hours (not including type rating training), including all progress tests. Up to 55 hours of the entire course may be instrument ground time if you hold an ICAO compliant PPL(A) or PPL(H), 50% of the hours flown can be credited, up to a maximum of 40 hours, or 45 hours if you have an aeroplane night rating, of which up to 20 hours may count towards the requirement for dual instruction flight time

    The total flying training requirement (above) must include the following components:

    Requirement Required number of hours Crediting for previous experience
    Dual instruction 95 hours, of which 55 may be instrument ground time  
    PIC 70 hours, including VFR flight and instrument flight time as student pilot-in-command (SPIC). A maximum of 20 hours instrument flight time as SPIC can count as PIC flight time  
    Cross-country flying 50 hours as PIC, including a VFR cross-country flight of at least 540 km (300 NM), which must also include full stop landings at two aerodromes different from that of departure.  
    Night flying 5 hours, comprising 3 hours of dual instruction and 1 hour of cross-country navigation and 5 solo take-offs and full stop landings  
    Instrument time 115 hours, including at least 20 hours as SPIC, at least 15 hours for MCC, which may be done in a suitable simulator, at least 50 hours of instrument flight instruction, of which up to 25 hours may be instrument ground time in a FNPT 1 , and 40 hours may be in an FNPT II, FTD 2 or FFS, of which up to 10 hours may be in an FNPT I IF you hold a course completion certificate for the Basic Instrument Flight Module you will be credited with up to 10 hours towards your instrument flight time. Hours done in a basic instrument training device won't count.
    Aircraft certified for at least 4 persons, variable pitch propeller and retractable landing gear 5 hours  

  • CPL IR / A integrated training course

    The aim of the course is to obtain a CPL (A) and an IR (A) so that you can proficiently fly single pilot single engine or multi engine aeroplanes commercially.

    There are no pre-requisites for this training.

  • Theoretical knowledge training

    You will need to complete at least 500 hours of theoretical knowledge training.

    This theoretical knowledge course will only be sufficient for attempting CPL (A) and IR (A) theoretical knowledge examinations. If you wish to take theoretical knowledge examinations at ATPL (A) level you will need to complete additional study.

    Theoretical knowledge examination

    You will need to pass the CPL (A)/IR exams as a minimum to demonstrate an appropriate level of theoretical knowledge.

    Requirement Required number of hours Crediting for previous experience
    Total flying training at least 180 hours (not including type rating training); all progress tests can be counted towards the total and up to 40 hours of the total may be instrument ground time If you hold an ICAO compliant PPL (A) or PPL (H), 50% of the hours flown can be credited, up to a maximum of 40 hours, or 45 hours if you have an aeroplane night rating, of which up to 20 hours may count towards the requirement for dual instruction flight time (below)
     

    The total flying training requirement (above) must include the following components: 

    RequirementRequired number of hours
    Dual instruction80 hours, of which up to 40 hours may be instrument ground time
    PIC70 hours, including VFR flight and instrument flight time which can be flown as student pilot-in-command (SPIC). A maximum of 20 hours instrument flight time as SPIC can count as PIC flight time
    Cross-country flying50 hours as PIC, including a VFR cross-country flight of at least 540 km (300 NM), which should also include full stop landings at two aerodromes different from that of departure.
    Night flying5 hours, comprising 3 hours of dual instruction and 1 hour of cross-country navigation and 5 solo take-offs and full stop landings
    Instrument time100 hours, including at least 20 hours as SPIC, at least 50 hours of instrument flight instruction, of which up to 25 hours may be instrument ground time in a FNPT 1 , or 40 hours may be in an FNPT II, FTD 2 or FFS, of which up to 10 hours may be in an FNPT I
    Aircraft certified for at least 4 persons, variable pitch propeller and retractable landing gear5 hours

     


  • Skill test

    Your skill test must be taken after completing the course on either a single or multi-engine aeroplane. You will also need to take the IR skill test on either a single- or multi-engine aeroplane.

  • Other training routes

    You can also complete the CPL (A) integrated or modular course along with the Instrument Rating course.



  • Credits available

    If you already a hold a licence or have flying experience you may be eligible for credits towards the theoretical knowledge training and the flying training for the issue of a licence or rating.

    Theoretical

  • Partial credit towards the theoretical training may be available if you hold:

    • a current and valid CPL / IR issued by or on behalf of a third country that is ICAO compliant (see Annex 1 to the Chicago Convention).

    • a validating medical for your third country licence

    • a valid type or class rating on your third country licence for the same type of aircraft that will be used for the CPL / IR skill test (EASA type and class rating list)

    You must meet the experience requirements for the CPL with IR 

    • Complete Part-FCL CPL (A) and IR (A) or ATPL (A) theoretical knowledge instruction as determined by the Head of Training of an ATO and pass all Part-FCL theoretical knowledge examinations at CPL and IR level or ATPL. 

    • Applicants who wish to attempt the ATPL(A) examinations must complete an approved ATPL(A) Modular theoretical knowledge course as set out in Part-FCL Appendix 3(B) and pass all Part-FCL ATPL(A) examinations. 

    You must complete Part-FCL IR(A) theoretical knowledge instruction as determined by the Head
    of Training of an approved training provider and pass all Part-FCL theoretical knowledge examinations at IR level.  

    If you who wish to attempt the ATPL(A) examinations must undertake an approved ATPL(A) Modular theoretical knowledge course as set out in Part-FCL Appendix 3(B) and pass all Part-FCL ATPL(A) examinations.

    The Military Accreditation Scheme sets out the credits for UK Military Flight Crew, so the scheme is only open to serving Members of HM UK Forces or people discharged from HM UK Forces.  

    The scheme is only open to people who can provide proof of UK Military service.

    QMP(A)s do not need to complete a theoretical knowledge instruction course as set out in FCL.315 and Appendix 3, paragraphs A-E, as applicable, before completing the theoretical knowledge examinations for the ATPL(A) or CPL(A), as applicable.

    An applicant who passes the examinations at ATPL(A) level is reminded that the calendar validity periods for examinations set out in Part-FCL.025 apply. Unless an IR(A) or ATPL(A)is gained within the calendar validity of the pass result, the theoretical knowledge examinations must be passed again to qualify for the IR(A) or ATPL(A).

    An applicant for an CPL holding a valid CPL in another category of aircraft must complete theoretical knowledge bridge instruction at an ATO according to the differences identified between the CPL syllabi for different aircraft categories.

    The applicant must pass the following PART FCL subjects in the appropriate aircraft category:

    • 021 - Aircraft General Knowledge: Airframe and Systems, Electrics, Powerplant
    • Emergency Equipment
    • 022 - Aircraft General Knowledge: Instrumentation
    • 032/034 - Performance Aeroplanes or Helicopters, as applicable
    • 070 - Operational Procedures,
      and
    • 080 - Principles of Flight

    The remainder of the CPL(A) examinations are credited.

    Applicants holding an IR(A)

    If you have already passed the aeroplane instrument rating theoretical knowledge exams, you are credited with Human Performance and Meteorology at CPL level.

    You need to complete and pass the remaining CPL (A) theoretical examinations.

  • Flying

  • Partial credit towards the flying training may be available if you hold:

    • a current and valid CPL issued by or on behalf of a third country that is ICAO compliant (see Annex 1 to the Chicago Convention).

    • a validating medical for your third country licence

    • a valid   type or class rating on your third country licence for the same type of aircraft that will be used for the CPL skill test (an EASA type and class rating list)

    You must meet the experience requirements for the CPL.

    The UK CAA is applying the following policy which may be utilised by an ATO conducting conversion training on ICAO licence holders for a Part-FCL CPL (A) be issued by the UK CAA without seeking prior approval from the Authority for each individual applicant.

    These arrangements provide a route to a current and valid ICAO CPL (A) issued in accordance with ICAO Annex 1.

    The Aircrew Regulation requires that the holder of an ICAO licence must attend an Approved Training Organisation and complete an approved CPL (A) modular course. If, following assessment, the ATO wishes to reduce the course further than the minimum criteria set out below, they must recommend a reduced course to their Licensing Standard Inspector (for UK CAA approved ATOs) or to the UK CAA for non-UK approved ATOs.  The course cannot be reduced to zero hours.

    Minimum course content without submission of a recommendation to the CAA.

    After completion of CPL (A) or ATPL(A) exams you will need to complete the minimum flying requirements shown below at an Approved Training Organisation approved to conduct CPL modular course.

    Minimum instruction depending upon total hours as pilot of aeroplanes:

    • Level 1: Experience > 1000 hrs: Min 7 hrs (18 hrs credit)
    • Level 2: Experience 500 - 999 hrs: Min 10 hrs (15 hrs credit)
    • Level 3: Experience 250 - 499 hrs: Min 15 hrs (10 hrs credit)
    • Level 4: Experience 185 - 249 hrs: Min 20 hrs (5 hrs credit)
    • Level 5: Experience 155 - 184 hrs: Min 25 hrs (no credit)

    Pass the Part-FCL CPL (A) Skill Test.

    Partial credit towards the flying credit may be available if you hold or held an Instrument Rating.

    If you wish to convert your IR it must be current and valid unless you are converting via the competency based modular training route (CBIR) where the requirements differ depending on the validity of your ICAO IR.

    If you are not following the CBIR route you must:

    • Complete a minimum of 15 hours instrument time under instruction 
      (including recommendation for test in accordance with the approved procedures of the ATO)

      Of which:
      • 5 hours may be in a FNPT I 
        or 
      • 10 hours in a FNPT II or Full Flight Simulator.

    Holders of an ICAO IR obtained in a single engine aeroplane seeking a Part-FCL multi engine IR(A) must attend an approved IR(A) training provider. 

    In addition to the training completed for the single engine IR you must also meet the Part-FCL requirements for a multi engine Class Rating and the Part-FCL SE(IR) to ME(IR) training course requirements of Part-FCL Appendix 6, (A)(9) as shown below:

    • complete a course at an ATO comprising at least 5 hours instruction in instrument flying in multi-engine aeroplanes, of which 3 hours may be in an FFS or FNPT II.

    Pass the Part-FCL IR(A) Skill Test in a SE or ME aeroplane, as applicable.

    The Military Accreditation Scheme sets out the credits for UK Military Flight Crew, so the scheme is only open to serving Members of HM UK Forces or people discharged from HM UK Forces.  

    The scheme is only open to people who can provide proof of UK Military service.

    Flying Experience Credits

    QMP(A)s with a minimum of 70 hours logged as PIC/P1 Capt or PICUS/1st Pilot Non-Capt who hold or have held a military unrestricted, Green, Instrument Rating Aeroplanes do not need to complete a training course before completing the skill test for the issue of a CPL(A)and skill test for the IR(A).

    • Basic Fast Jet Training (BFJT) (or legacy course) graduates must take the skill test in a single pilot single engine aeroplane.

    • Fast Jet Operational Conversion Unit (FJ OCU ) graduates may take the skill test in a single pilot single engine aeroplane,
      or
    • in a multi-engine aeroplane provided that they complete an MEP course at an ATO before the CPL Skill test and approved multi engine IR(A) training at an ATO comprising of at least 5 hours instruction in instrument flying in multi engine aeroplanes of which 5 hours may be in an FFS or FNPT II.

    • Multi Engine Pilot Training (MEPT) (or legacy course) graduates may take the skill test in a single engine or single pilot multi-engine aeroplane.

    Applicants for the issue of a CPL IR(A) must meet the experience requirements and pre-requisites for the issue of the class or type rating used for the test as set out in PART FCL, subpart H.

    The aeroplane used for the skill test must meet the requirements for training aeroplanes and be certificated for the carriage of at least four persons, have a variable pitch propeller and retractable landing gear.

    Skill test

    The skill test must be conducted by the holder of a Flight Examiner Certificate issued in accordance with Part FCL.

    The skill test must be conducted in:

    • an appropriate class or type of military aeroplane on which you are or have been qualified to operate as a QMP, suitably equipped for the purpose, which has an EASA civilian equivalent; 
      or
    • an appropriate class or type of civilian aeroplane provided you have completed the Part-FCL requirements for inclusion of that type or class in a Part-FCL licence except the type rating skill test. 



    Hours as PIC of other categories of aircraft may count towards the 200 hours total flight time, in the following cases:

    • 30 hours in helicopter, if the applicant holds a PPL(H); 
      or
    • 100 hours in helicopters, if the applicant holds a CPL(H); 
      or
    • 30 hours in TMGs or sailplanes; 
      or
    • 30 hours in airships, if the applicant holds a PPL(As); 
      or
    • 60 hours in airships, if the applicant holds a CPL(As).

    The specific modular course requirements must be met.  The credit only applies to the total flight time.
    Applicants holding a current and valid IR(H) can be credited up to 5 hours of the dual instrument instruction time, in which case at least 5 hours dual instrument instruction time must be given in an aeroplane.


  • How to apply

    • If you have completed a CPL(A) or CPL (A)/IR modular course and a valid UK Class One Medical Certificate, you need to download CAA 5004 with CAA 5008 and then apply using our e-Licensing system.

    • If you have completed a CPL(A) or CPL (A)/IR integrated course and hold a valid UK Class One Medical Certificate, you need to download CAA5000 and apply via our e-Licensing system.

    • If you are converting from a UK JAR CPL(A) or CPL A/IR, please apply using our e-Licensing system. If you require the issue or reissue of a UK national licence or rating, you will need to use SRG1104.

    • If you are applying via the UK Military Accreditation Scheme, you need to download CAA 5014 and then apply using our e-Licensing system.

    • If you do not hold a UK issued FRTOL, you need to download CAA xxx

    For all other routes, please apply via our postal application forms with all other required associated documents listed in the guidance of the application forms ( such as ID and logbooks):


    If you are applying on the basis of training and testing conducted by a non UK approved EASA Part FCL Approved Training Organisation you must send copies of the following:

    • the ATO’s PART ORA approval certificate;
    • the examiners licence, medical and authorisation certificate;
    • return email confirmation from testnotification@caa.co.uk

    If you are applying on the basis of a Third country ICAO licence conversion you will need to send us:

    • the original Third country ICAO licence and validating medical certificate;
      or
    • a copy certified by the Head of Training of an Approved Training Organisation (ATO), or the holder of a registration for a Registered Training Facility (RTF), or a UK approved examiner
    • original logbooks or electronic logbooks 
    • Electronic logbooks are acceptable for all types of application provided they have been printed, signed and dated.

      If your ICAO licence does not show the validity dates of the ratings, please submit certified copies of logbook pages showing the rating validity and test dates.