The Civil Aviation (Working Time) Regulations 2004 (CAWTR) implemented into UK legislation the
European Council Directive 200/79/EC, commonly known as the 'Aviation Directive'. The regulations
contain two core elements applying to public transport aircraft operations, one dealing with
working time requirements and the other occupational health and safety rights and entitlement. They
place statutory duties on UK airline operators to address these issues within aircraft.
Certain “relevant requirements” of the CAWTR legislation are enforced by the CAA. These
requirements cover an area of enforcement that have been traditionally led by the Health and Safety
Executive (HSE), Health and Safety Executive of Northern Ireland (HSENI) under the Health and
Safety at Work etc. Act 1974 and Health and Safety at Work (Northern Ireland) Order 1978.
As the CAA were already the principle regulator in all other areas of safety for the aviation
industry, it was decided these requirements best sat with the CAA to ensure a consistent
enforcement approach within the aircraft environment.
As the aviation industry encompasses many working environments there remains some potential
overlap in the enforcement of the different pieces of health and safety legislation. Therefore to
avoid potential confusion the three regulators have agreed to work closely together to separate
their enforcement responsibilities, setting them out in a Memorandum of
It is important to note that where there is a safety conflict of interest between the
requirements of CAWTR and the UK Air Navigation Order (flight safety) those relating to flight
safety will take precedence.
The UK Government have directed that CAWTR should be enforced with a 'light touch' based on a
proportionate and reasonable interpretation of the regulations. It is accepted that enforcement
should also be framed with an eye to a partnership approach with the various interested parties
within the industry.
The policy of the CAA is, at first, to seek compliance by operators on a cooperative basis, and
will only take enforcement action when the necessary cooperation or action is overdue or
We are currently recruiting a Flight Standards Officer to assist with our work overseeing air displays. More info a… https://t.co/tcJfsvfuuc
7 days ago
We have a great opportunity for someone with the right experience and skills to lead our drone policy team. Leading… https://t.co/ATxKYn4Wzw
8 days ago
Do you have experience of project management? Can you facilitate and lead on stakeholder workshops? If so, we may h… https://t.co/Hw5Y4qAitA
16 days ago
Read all @UK_CAA
CAA colleagues recognised in Queen's Birthday Honours
11 June, 2018
Confirmation of Chief Executive appointment
24 May, 2018
Aviation volcanic ash breakthrough wins safety award
7 February, 2018
Read all News
Planning your next holiday abroad?
10 April, 2018
International women in engineering day
22 June, 2017
How we're changing the CAA
15 April, 2016
Read All Blogs