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UK – EU Transition, and UK Civil Aviation Regulations

To access current UK civil aviation regulations, including AMC and GM, CAA regulatory documents, please use this link to UK Regulation. Please note, if you use information and guidance under the Headings, the references to EU regulations or EU websites in our guidance will not be an accurate information or description of your obligations under UK law. These pages are undergoing reviews and updates.

Details of requirements and guidance on how to apply for a TRI rating

The privileges of a Type Rating Instructor (TRI) rating for multi-pilot aeroplanes (MPA) allows the instructor to carry out instruction for:

  • The revalidation and renewal of an EIR or an IR provided the instructor holds a current IR in the relevant aircraft
  • the issue of a TRI or SFI certificate
  • The issue, revalidation and renewal of type ratings for multi-pilot aeroplanes and single-pilot high performance complex aeroplanes when the applicant seeks privileges to operate in multi-pilot operation
  • MCC training
  • The MPL course on the basic, intermediate and advanced phases

The privileges of a Type Rating Instructor (TRI) rating for single-pilot high performance complex aeroplanes (SPHPCA) allows the instructor to carry out instruction for:

  • The revalidation and renewal of an EIR or an IR provided the instructor holds a current IR in the relevant aircraft
  • The issue of a TRI or SFI certificate
  • The issue, revalidation and renewal of type ratings for single-pilot high performance complex aeroplanes in single-pilot operations.
  • The issue, revalidation and renewal of type ratings for single-pilot high performance complex aeroplanes type ratings in multi-pilot operations
  • The MPL course on the basic phase, provided that the privileges of the TRI (SPA) rating has been extended to multi-pilot operations

The privileges of a Type Rating Instructor (TRI) rating for helicopters allows the instructor to carry out instruction for:

  • The revalidation and renewal of an EIR or an IR provided the instructor holds a current IR in the relevant aircraft
  • The issue of a TRI or SFI certificate
  • The issue, revalidation and renewal of helicopter type ratings
  • MCC training
  • The extension of the single-engine IR(H) to multi-engine IR(H)

Please note, there are specific requirements to be met which allows the instructor to carry out the above individual privileges.

Please refer to ‘FCL.905.TRI – Privileges and conditions’ in UK Regulations for further guidance.

Pre-requisites

TRI(A)

Multi-pilot aeroplanes

An applicant for a multi-pilot aeroplane TRI rating shall:

  • Hold an aeroplane CPL, MPL or ATPL pilot Licence, current Class 1 Medical Certificate and current type rating for the specific type/s being applied for.
  • Have completed 1,500 hours flight time as a pilot on multi-pilot aeroplanes.
  • Have completed within the 12 months preceding the date of application, 30 route sectors including take offs and landings as pilot in command (PIC) or Co-Pilot on the applicable aeroplane type, of which 15 sectors may be completed in a Full Flight Simulator (FFS) representing that type.

Single-pilot aeroplanes

An applicant for a single-pilot aeroplane TRI rating shall:

  • Hold an aeroplane CPL, MPL or ATPL pilot Licence, current Class 1 Medical Certificate and current type rating for the specific type/s being applied for.
  • Have completed, within the 12 months preceding the date of application, 30 route sectors, including take-offs and landings, as pilot in command (PIC) on the applicable aeroplane type, of which 15 sectors may be completed in a full flight simulator (FFS) representing that type.
  • (i) Have completed at least 500 hours of flight time as a pilot on aeroplanes, including 30 hours as PIC on the applicable type of aeroplane;

or

TRI(H)

Multi-pilot helicopters

An applicant for a multi-pilot helicopter TRI rating shall:

  • Hold a helicopter CPL, MPL or ATPL pilot Licence, current Class 1 Medical Certificate and current type rating for the specific type/s being applied for.
  • Have completed 1,000 hours of flight time as a pilot on helicopters, including:

    (i) 350 hours as a pilot on multi-pilot helicopters;
    or
    (ii) for applicants already holding a TRI(H) certificate for single-pilot multi-engine helicopters, 100 hours as pilot of that type in multi-pilot operations.

Single-pilot helicopters

An applicant for a single-pilot helicopter TRI rating shall:

  • Hold a helicopter CPL, MPL or ATPL pilot Licence, current Class 1 Medical Certificate and current type rating for the specific type/s being applied for.
  • For single-pilot single-engine helicopters, have completed 250 hours as a pilot on helicopters.
  • For single-pilot multi-engine helicopters, have completed 500 hours as pilot of helicopters, including 100 hours as PIC on single-pilot multi-engine helicopters.

Please refer to 'FCL.915.TRI - Prerequisites' in UK Regulations or further guidance.

Close Pre-requisites

Training

The TRI training course shall include:

  1. 25 hours of teaching and learning
  2. 10 hours of technical training, including revision of technical knowledge, the preparation of lesson plans and the development of classroom/simulator instructional skills
  3. 5 hours of flight instruction on the appropriate aircraft or an FSTD representing that aircraft for single-pilot aircraft and 10 hours for multi-pilot aircraft or an FSTD representing that aircraft
  4. the following training, as applicable:
    (i) additional specific training before conducting LIFUS
    (ii) additional specific training before conducting landing training. That training in the FSTD shall include training for emergency procedures related to the aircraft.

Applicants holding or having held an instructor certificate shall be fully credited towards the requirement of (1) above.

Applicants for a TRI rating who holds an SFI certificate for the relevant type shall be fully credited towards the requirements of this paragraph for the issue of a TRI certificate restricted to flight instruction in simulators.

For further guidance on the TRI course syllabus please refer to 'AMC1 FCL.930.TRI Training course' in UK Regulations.

Close Training

Crediting

  • Holders of an FI(H) licence shall be fully credited towards the hour's requirement for a single-pilot helicopter TRI rating.
  • Applicants that hold or have held an instructor certificate shall be fully credited towards the 25 hours of teaching and learning requirement.
  • An applicant for a TRI rating who holds an SFI certificate for the relevant type shall be fully credited towards the training course for the issue of a TRI rating restricted to flight instruction in simulators.
Close Crediting

Assessment of Competence (AoC)

An applicant for a TRI rating shall pass an assessment of competence (AoC) in the appropriate simulator to demonstrate to an examiner the ability to instruct a student pilot to the level required for the issue of the relevant rating.

The assessment of competence for a TRI for MPA shall be conducted in an FFS. If no FFS is available or accessible, an aircraft shall be used.

The assessment of competence for a TRI for single-pilot high-performance complex aeroplanes and helicopters shall be conducted in any of the following:

  • An available and accessible FFS
  • If no FFS is available or accessible, in a combination of FSTD(s) and an aircraft
  • If no FSTD is available or accessible, in an aircraft

This assessment shall include:

  • The demonstration of the competencies during pre-flight, post-flight and theoretical knowledge instruction.
  • Oral theoretical examinations on the ground, pre-flight and post-flight briefings and in-flight demonstrations in the appropriate simulator.
  • Exercises adequate to evaluate the instructor's competencies.

The assessment shall be performed on the same class or type of simulator used for the flight instruction.

The Part-FCL Examiner who conducts your AoC must be appropriately qualified to do so.

Please refer to 'AMC1-4 FCL.935 Assessment of competence' in UK Regulations for further guidance.

Close Assessment of Competence (AoC)

Revalidation

A TRI rating is issued with a validity of 3 years. However, a revalidation can be completed within the last 12 months of the expiry date. Therefore, the new expiry date of a further 3 years will be calculated from the current expiry date of the TRI rating when completed within the revalidation period.

Aeroplanes

To revalidate a TRI (A) rating applicants are required to complete at least two out of the following three requirements, within 12 months preceding the expiry date of the TRI rating:

  • (i) Conduct one of the following parts of a complete type rating or recurrent training course: simulator session of at least 3 hours or one air exercise of at least 1 hour comprising a minimum of two take-offs and landings.
  • (ii) Have completed instructor refresher training as a TRI at an approved ATO
  • (iii) Have passed a TRI AoC
  • For at least each alternate revalidation of a TRI rating, the applicant is required to pass the AoC
  • If the applicant holds a TRI rating for more than one type of aircraft within the same category, the assessment of competence taken on one of those types of aircraft shall revalidate the TRI certificate for the other types held within the same category of aircraft

Helicopters

To revalidate a TRI (H) rating applicants are required to complete at least two out of the following three requirements, before the expiry date of the TRI rating:

  • (i) Completed at least 50 hours of flight instruction in each of the types of aircraft for which instructional privileges are held or in an FSTD representing those types, of which at least 15 hours shall be completed in the period of 12 months immediately preceding the expiry date of the TRI certificate. The time flown as FI, IRI, STI or as any kind of examiners shall be accounted for this purpose.
  • (ii) Complete instructor refresher training as a TRI(H) at an ATO
  • (iii) Pass a TRI AoC within 12 months preceding the expiry date of the rating
  • For at least each alternate revalidation of a TRI rating, the applicant is required to pass the AoC
  • If the applicant holds a TRI rating for more than one type of aircraft within the same category, the assessment of competence taken on one of those types of aircraft shall revalidate the TRI certificate for the other types held within the same category of aircraft
Close Revalidation

Renewal

Aeroplanes

To renew an expired TRI (A) rating, applicants are required to complete the following requirements within12 months immediately preceding the submission of their application:

  • Have passed an AoC
  • Have completed at least 30 route sectors, including take-offs and landings on the applicable aeroplane type, of which maximum 15 sectors may be completed in an FFS
  • Have completed instructor refresher training as a TRI at an approved ATO which shall cover the relevant elements of the TRI training course
  • If applicants held a certificate for more than one type of aircraft within the same category, the assessment of competence taken on one of those types of aircraft shall renew the TRI certificate for the other types held within the same category of aircraft.

Helicopters

To renew an expired TRI (H) rating, applicants are required to complete the following requirements within12 months immediately preceding the submission of their application:

  • Have passed an AoC
  • Have completed at least 10 hours of flight time, including take-offs and landings on the applicable aircraft type, of which maximum 5 hours may be completed in an FFS or FTD 2/3
  • Have completed instructor refresher training as a TRI at an ATO, which shall cover the relevant elements of the TRI training course.
  • If applicants held a certificate for more than one type of aircraft within the same category, the assessment of competence taken on one of those types of aircraft shall renew the TRI certificate for the other types held within the same category of aircraft.

Please refer to 'FCL.940.TRI - Revalidation and renewal'in UK Regulations for further guidance.

Close Renewal

Variation

There are a range of variations that can apply to a TRI rating. The below guidance has been provided to help determine what is required for each additional privilege.

Aeroplanes

Extending to further types

The privileges of TRIs are restricted to the type of aeroplane in which the training and the assessment of competence were conducted. To extend the privileges of TRIs to further types, TRIs are required to complete the following -

(1) completed within the 12 months preceding the application, at least 15 route sectors, including take-offs and landings on the applicable aircraft type, of which of maximum of 7 sectors may be completed in an FSTD

(2) completed the relevant parts of the technical training and the flight instruction parts of the applicable TRI course

(3) passed the relevant sections of the assessment of competence in accordance with point FCL.935 in order to demonstrate to an FIE or a TRE qualified in accordance with Subpart K to this Annex their ability to instruct a pilot to the level required for the issue of a type rating, including pre-flight, post-flight and theoretical knowledge instruction.

In addition to the above, as per the Joint Operational Evaluation board CCQ & MFF document, section 6.5 Airbus JOEB Report, there is an additional route which applies to extending TRI privileges on the Airbus family as follows -

6.5 Type Rating Instructor training

JAR-FCL 1.365(b), the JOEB recommends the following:

For a TRI already qualified and a current TRI on one of the Airbus types (A320, A330/350, A340, A380) to qualify for an additional Airbus TRI qualification, the instructor must:

  • Hold a current type rating for the new aircraft on their EASA Licence (CCQ program)
  • Have completed the relevant LIFUS sectors
  • Have completed the 15 sectors as per FCL.915.TRI(b)(1) or 50 hours on the new type

The JOEB considers that there is no need to repeat on the new type, the requirements from JAR-FCL 1.365 (b)(3), provided that the TRI is familiar with the operation of the relevant simulator. Therefore, the expiry date will match the current TRI date.

The above does not remove any TRI remarks/restrictions. Therefore, the same remarks and expiry date will apply to the new TRI Airbus type being applied for.

Adding MP privileges to a TRI (A) SPHPAC rating

The privileges of the TRI (SPA) may be extended to flight instruction for SPHPAC type ratings in multi-pilot operations, provided that the TRI meets any of the following conditions -

  • holds or has held a TRI certificate for multi-pilot aeroplanes

OR

  • has at least 500 hours on aeroplanes in multi-pilot operations and completed an MCCI training course in accordance with point FCL.930. MCCI.

Adding Aircraft Privileges

If applying for full aircraft privileges, the applicant will be required to complete an AoC in the aircraft. The original TRI training course may have included the aircraft elements, however if not, additional training for this purpose will be required. We will require evidence that the aircraft training has been completed.

Adding Landing Training Privileges (A/C(Take off & Landing))

If applying for landing training privileges, the applicant should perform role-play flying for landing training in the aircraft under the supervision and to the satisfaction of a TRI(A) who is nominated for that purpose by the ATO. The original TRI training course may have included the landing training elements, however if not, additional training for this purpose will be required. We will require evidence that the landing training has been completed.

Adding Line Flying Under Supervision (LIFUS) Privileges

If applying for LIFUS Instructor privileges, the candidate instructor should complete a route sector in the aircraft under the supervision and to the satisfaction of a TRI(A) who is nominated for that purpose by the ATO. The original TRI training course may have included the LIFUS elements, however if not, additional training for this purpose will be required. We will require evidence that the additional LIFUS training has been completed.

 

Helicopter

Extending to further types

The privileges of TRIs(H) are restricted to the type of helicopter in which the assessment of competence for the issue of the TRI certificate was taken. The privileges of the TRIs shall be extended to further types if TRIs have:

(1) completed the relevant parts of the technical training and flight instruction parts of the TRI course

(2) completed within the 12 months preceding the date of application, at least 10 hours on the applicable helicopter type, of which a maximum of 5 hours may be completed in an FFS or FTD 2/3

(3) Passed the relevant sections of the assessment of competence in accordance with point FCL.935 in order to demonstrate to an FIE or a TRE qualified in accordance with Subpart K of this Annex their ability to instruct a pilot to the level required for the issue of a type rating, including pre-flight, post-flight and theoretical knowledge instruction.

Extending SP to MP Privileges

Before the privileges of a TRI(H) are extended from single-pilot to multi-pilot privileges on the same type of helicopters, the holder shall have completed at least 100 hours of multi-pilot operations on this type.

Addition of Aircraft Privileges

If applying for full aircraft privileges, the applicant will be required to complete an AoC in the aircraft. The original TRI training course may have included the aircraft elements, however if not, additional training for this purpose will be required. We will require evidence that the aircraft training has been completed.

Addition of FFS Privileges

If applying for FFS privileges, the applicant will be required to complete an IOS course on the specific helicopter type.

If you require additional information regarding the variation of a TRI rating, please email us at instructors@caa.co.uk as we understand that every case is different.

Please refer to the following references in UK Regulations for further guidance -
FCL.935 Assessment of competence
FCL.930 Training course
FCL.905.TRI TRI - Privileges and conditions
FCL.910.TRI TRI - Restricted privileges
FCL.915.TRI TRI - Prerequisites
FCL.930.TRI TRI - Training course
FCL.935.TRI TRI - Assessment of competence

Close Variation

How to apply

There are two ways to apply for a Type Rating Instructor (TRI) certificate; using e-Licensing or using our online Avoka form SRG2159.

Online form

To apply for the issue, revalidation or renewal of a Type Rating Instructor (TRI) certificate, you will need to submit online application form SRG2159.

For information on the evidence you will need to provide, please see our webpage

e-Licensing

If you are applying via e-Licensing you will be required to upload specific supporting documents as part of the application process. The table below lists the supporting documents/evidence you may be asked for in the relevant sections –

Name in E-Licensing Document required
Identification document A certified copy of your photo ID
Assessment of Competence

Examiner report form SRG2199 for aeroplanes or SRG1177 for helicopters

+ Examiner's test notification, licence, medical & examiner certificate (if non-UK examiner used)

These will all need to be uploaded as one PDF document

Course Completion Certificate Course Completion Certificate issued by the approved ATO that provided the TRI course
Certified copy of licence for update of rating(s)

A certified current copy of your Part-FCL licence

(Please note, it is the pilots’ responsibility to ensure all current type ratings are updated on their e-Licensing portal)
Please do not upload application form SRG1131 or SRG1135, as e-Licensing replaces these forms.

Fees

For application fees please refer to the UK CAA Scheme of Charges Publication.

Schools and training

Please ensure that your training provider is approved to conduct the specific course that you are undertaking.

We strongly recommend you check that your instructor and examiner hold the relevant privileges to conduct the training and any flight test, examination or assessment of competence that is being carried out.

How to find a UK examiner or UK approved school

Guidance on documentation

For questions relating to paperwork, such as how to obtain certified copies of documents, please refer to Guidance on documentation.

Contact Us

If you have any queries, you can contact the Instructors team at instructors@caa.co.uk or on 0330 022 1972 between the hours of 08:30 and 16:30 Monday to Friday.

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