References to EU regulation or EU websites in our guidance will not be an accurate description of your obligations or rights under UK law.read more
The minimum age to get a PPL is 17 and you will need to hold a Part MED Class 2 Medical Certificate.
A PPL for aeroplanes will allow you to act as pilot in command (PIC) in non-commercial operations on aeroplanes or touring motor gliders (TMGs).
The exception to this is for holders of a PPL(A) with instructor or examiner privileges who can be paid for the following:
You must complete a training course at an approved training organisation (ATO) or declared training organisation (DTO).
Contact a flight school near you
As part of the application for a private licence, you will need to take and pass exams in the following subject areas:
You will need to set up a customer portal account to access Private pilot theoretical knowledge e-exams.
If you successfully pass the theoretical exams for the issue of a private pilot's licence, they will be valid for 24 months for you to submit an application for the PPL issue.
This period is counted from the date you complete your last theoretical knowledge examination.
Within these 24 months you must complete the flight training and pass the skill test, otherwise these exams will expire, and you will have to retake them.
Please see FCL.025 for more information related to exam validity.
If you have passed the theoretical knowledge examinations for an Airline Transport Pilot Licence (ATPL) or for a commercial pilot licence (CPL) in the same category of aircraft you will be credited with the theoretical knowledge requirements for a private pilot licence (PPL).
More information on exams credits is in FCL.035.b.
You will need to complete 45 hours of flight instruction on aeroplanes, 5 hours of which may have been completed in an approved flight simulator (an FSTD – flight simulation training device), including at least:
If you hold a LAPL (A) and are applying for a PPL (A) you must complete the following:
If you hold an SPL issued in accordance with Annex III (Part-SFCL) to Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/1976, including privileges to fly TMGs you must complete the following:
If you hold a pilot's licence for another type of aircraft, except balloons, you will be credited with 10% of your total flight time as PIC up to a maximum of 10 hours.
You will still need to complete 10 hours of supervised solo flight time, including at least 5 hours of solo cross country flight time with at least 1 cross country flight of at least 270 km (150 NM) that includes 2 full stop landings at an aerodrome different from the departure aerodrome as the credited flight time cannot be counted towards this requirement.
There has been a change to the rules for the conversion or validation of Third Country ICAO compliant licences/certificates.
For conversion terms, please refer to(EU) 2020/723 of Easy Access Rules for Aircrew (Regulation (EU) No 1178/2011 for further information
At the end of your training, you will need to take a skill test with an examiner in the relevant aircraft type to demonstrate that you can competently carry out the procedures and manoeuvres that you have been taught, while acting as pilot in command (PIC).
You must have had some flight instruction on the same aircraft type or class that you will be taking your skill test in.
You will also need to ensure that the examiner meets the requirements for test notification and designation as set out in:
To apply for the issue of a PPL, please complete the
Private Issue Online application form.
If you wish to apply for a UK national PPL, you must submit your request in writing by email to
email@example.com (with the subject heading: 'National licence').
When applying for the PPL issue online, you will be asked to upload the following documents:
Please note: we will not be able to assess your application unless the uploaded documents correctly certified.
How to get copies of your documents certified.
If you are applying on the basis of UK military service, a third-country ICAO licence, a skill test conducted by a non-UK approved EASA examiner, you will be asked to upload additional documentation on your online application.
If you are applying for any pilot licence under the military accreditation scheme (MAS) based on your service as a pilot in the UK military, you will need to upload the following documents alongside those required for the licence application:
If you are applying for your licence on the basis of an ICAO-compliant licence held from a non-EASA state (a 'third-country' licence), you will need to apply for the verification of your third country ICAO licence.
Please follow the verification of a third country ICAO licence process and submit an online form SRG2142.
We recommend that the Third Country Verification is obtained prior to your PPL application as the turn-around of these applications is reliant on the response times of the NAA that has issued your ICAO licence.
Alternatively, you can submit these applications together but that means that the PPL application will get processed outside our agreed processing time.
When submitting your online PPL application, you will be asked to upload the following documents alongside those required for the licence application:
The skill test must be conducted by an EASA state qualified Part-FCL approved examiner.
If the examiner for your skill test was approved by another EASA member state (not the UK), you will need to upload the following documents alongside those required for the licence application:
(Please note: all 3 documents should be uploaded as single document that does not exceed 5mb)
Please note that there is currently a 50Mb size limit for files uploaded to our forms.
If your attachments exceed 50Mb, you should send all supporting documentation to
firstname.lastname@example.org quoting your application number.
During the current Covid-19 pandemic, we ask that all paperwork is sent to us electronically.
For questions relating to paperwork, such as how to obtain certified copies of documents, please refer to guidance on documentation.
If you have any questions please contact our licensing team:
Email email@example.com (preferred)Phone 0330 022 1972 (Mon - Fri 08:30 - 16:30)
Read all @UK_CAA
Pilot fined for flying in and out of military aerodrome without permission
20 January, 2021
The CAA’s General Aviation Unit finishes 2020 with a focus on life after EU Exit
11 December, 2020
New procedure for reviewing the classification of airspace launched
30 November, 2020
Read all News
International Civil Aviation Day
7 December, 2020
How safe is recreational flying in the UK
25 February, 2020
Bringing ADS-B surveillance trials to airfields
1 March, 2019
Read All Blogs