We use necessary cookies to make our website work. We'd also like to use optional analytics cookies to help us improve it.
For more information, please read our cookie policy.

UK – EU Transition, and UK Civil Aviation Regulations

To access current UK civil aviation regulations, including AMC and GM, CAA regulatory documents, please use this link to UK Regulation. Please note, if you use information and guidance under the Headings below, the references to EU regulations or EU websites in our guidance will not be an accurate information or description of your obligations under UK law. These pages are undergoing reviews and updates.

The minimum age to get a LAPL(A) is 17 and you will need to hold a Part MED LAPL Medical Certificate.



The privileges of the holder of a LAPL for aeroplanes are to act as PIC on single-engine piston aeroplanes-land (SEP(land)), single-engine piston aeroplanes-sea (SEP(sea)) or TMG with a maximum certificated take-off mass of 2000 kg or less, carrying a maximum of 3 passengers, such that there are always a maximum of 4 persons on board of the aircraft. (FCL.105.A)

Your privileges will be limited to the type and class of aircraft you take your skill test in, unless you complete additional training.

Training

You must complete a training course at an approved training organisation (ATO) or declared training organisation (DTO).

Contact a flight school near you

Theoretical knowledge examinations

As part of the application for a LAPL, you will need to take and pass exams in the following subject areas:


Common subjects

  • Air law
  • Human performance
  • Meteorology
  • Communications
  • Navigation

Exams specific to the aircraft category

  • Principles of flight
  • Operational procedures
  • Flight performance and planning
  • Aircraft general knowledge
Close Theoretical knowledge examinations

Validity of passed theoretical knowledge exams

You will need to set up a customer portal account to access Private pilot theoretical knowledge e-exams.

If you successfully pass the theoretical exams for the issue of a private pilot's licence, they will be valid for 24 months for you to submit an application for the LAPL issue.

This period is counted from the date you complete your last theoretical knowledge examination.

Within these 24 months you must complete the flight training and pass the skill test, otherwise these exams will expire, and you will have to retake them.

Please see FCL.025 for more information related to exam validity.

Close Validity of passed theoretical knowledge exams

Theoretical knowledge crediting when applying for a LAPL in another aircraft

If you have passed the theoretical knowledge examinations for an airline transport pilot licence (ATPL) or for a commercial pilot licence (CPL) in the same category of aircraft, you will be credited with the theoretical knowledge requirements for a light aircraft pilot licence (LAPL). More details on exams credits is in FCL.035.b.

Close Theoretical knowledge crediting when applying for a LAPL in another aircraft

LAPL(A) crediting if you hold an SPL including privileges to fly TMGs

If you hold a SPL issued in accordance with Annex III (Part-SFCL) to Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/1976, including privileges to fly TMGs you must complete the following:

1. At least 21 hours of flight time on TMGs after endorsement of the TMG privileges and, the privileges of an LAPL(A) shall be limited to the class and variant of aeroplanes or TMG in which the skill test was taken. (FCL.110.A, FCL.135.A(a))

Close LAPL(A) crediting if you hold an SPL including privileges to fly TMGs

Applicants with prior experience as PIC

Applicants with prior experience as PIC may be credited towards the flight instruction training.

The amount of credit shall be decided by the ATO or the DTO where the pilot undergoes the training course, on the basis of a pre-entry flight test, but shall in any case:

1. Not exceed the total time as PIC,

2. Not exceed 50 % of the 30 hours of flight instruction

3. Not include the requirement of 6 hours of supervised solo flight time that includes the cross-country flight of at least 150 km ( 80 NM)

Close Applicants with prior experience as PIC

Flight crediting if licence held in the same aircraft category

Applicants for a LAPL who have held another licence in the same category of aircraft shall be fully credited towards the requirements of the LAPL in that category of aircraft. If the licence has lapsed, the applicant shall have to pass a skill test in accordance with FCL.125 for the issue of an LAPL in the appropriate aircraft category.

Close Flight crediting if licence held in the same aircraft category

Third country ICAO compliant licence holders

There has been a change to the rules for the conversion or validation of Third Country ICAO compliant licences/certificates.

For conversion terms, please refer to(EU) 2020/723 of Easy Access Rules for Aircrew (Regulation (EU) No 1178/2011 for further information

Close Third country ICAO compliant licence holders

Skill Test

At the end of your training, you will need to take a skill test with an examiner, in the relevant aircraft type, to demonstrate that you can competently carry out the procedures and manoeuvres that you have been taught, while acting as pilot in command (PIC).

You must have had some flight instruction on the same aircraft type or class, that you will be taking your skill test in.

If you use an EASA examiner, the examiner certificate must have been issued prior to 1st January 2021. If the examiner certificate has been reissued after 1st January 2021, it is unlikely that we will be able to accept any flight test conducted by this examiner. Please contact us prior to undertaking any test.

You will also need to ensure that the examiner meets the requirements for test notification and designation as set out in:

How to apply

To apply for the issue of a UK Part-FCL LAPL please complete Online application form SRG1105.

What documents to submit

When applying for the LAPL issue online, you will be asked to upload the following documents:

  • Online course completion certificate (CAA5016) or Training Organisation equivalent( Even if you are exempt from completing ground school/flying training, you must obtain a course completion certificate so that we can see your theoretical knowledge examinations. Please also state the reason for your exemption on the certificate).
  • Skill Test report form ( SRG2127)
  • A certified copy of your logbook pages showing your LAPL flight training experience
  • A certified copy of either your passport (preferred) or Full UK Photographic Driving Licence

Please note: we will not be able to assess your application unless the uploaded documents have been correctly certified.

How to get copies of your documents certified.

Additional documentation

If you are applying on the basis of UK military service, a third-country ICAO licence, or a skill test conducted by a non-UK approved EASA examiner, you will be asked to upload additional documentation on your online application.

Using military service as the basis of your licence application

If you are applying for any pilot licence under the military accreditation scheme (MAS) based on your service as a pilot in the UK military, you will need to upload the following documents alongside those required for the licence application:

  • Completed form SRG 2133
  • Certified copies of the following logbook pages:
    - the Special Qualifications page
    - the last few pages of your military flying logbook

How to get copies of your documents certified.

Close Using military service as the basis of your licence application

Using third-country ICAO licence conversion as the basis of your application

If you are applying for your licence on the basis of an ICAO-compliant licence held with another country, you will need to apply for the verification of your third country ICAO licence.

Please follow the verification of a third country ICAO licence process and submit an online form SRG2142.

We recommend that the Third Country Verification is obtained prior to your LAPL application as the turn-around of these applications is reliant on the response times of the NAA that has issued your ICAO licence.

Alternatively, you can submit these applications together but that means that the LAPL application will get processed outside our agreed processing time.

When submitting your online LAPL application, you will be asked to upload the following documents alongside those required for the licence application:

  • Certified copies of the logbook pages to confirm the hours and experience required for the issue of LAPL.

Training conducted at a non-UK ATO/DTO

The ATO must have been approved prior to 1st January 2021 or the DTO must have received confirmation of their declared status before that date.

For non-UK ATOs, you will need to upload a copy of the Part-ORA ATO approval certificate with your application. For non-UK DTOs, you will need to upload evidence of their DTO status.

Training conducted in a simulator

For any training undertaken in a simulator, the EASA or EEA Member State FSTD qualification certificates must have been issued prior to 1st January 2021.

If the simulator has been re-evaluated in 2021 by the EASA member state, we are then unable to accept this, unless there is also a current and valid UK approval for the same simulator.

In instances where the simulator has been re-evaluated and there is no valid UK approval, please contact us prior to conducting any training or testing.

Close Using third-country ICAO licence conversion as the basis of your application

Skill test check conducted by non-UK EASA approved examiner

The skill test must be conducted by an EASA state qualified Part-FCL approved examiner

as long as the examiner certificate has been issued prior to 1st January 2021 and the test notification requirement has been met. We will be unable to accept retrospective test notification.

If the examiner certificate has been reissued after 1st January 2021, it is unlikely that we will be able to accept any flight test or assessment of competence conducted by this examiner. Please contact us, prior to undertaking any test or AOC.

If the examiner for your skill test was approved by an EASA member state, you will need to upload the following documents alongside those required for the licence application:

  • A copy of the examiners authorisation,
  • A copy of the examiners licence,
  • A copy of the examiners medical certificate

(Please note: all 3 documents should be uploaded as single document that does not exceed 5mb)

Close Skill test check conducted by non-UK EASA approved examiner

The Fee

Please see our Licensing fees and costs (Full details available in Scheme of Charges (Personnel Licensing)).

An additional fee applies if you would like your documents returned by secure courier.

Making sure your documents are safely returned.

File size limit

Please note that there is currently a 50Mb size limit for files uploaded to our forms.

Guidance on documentation

All documents should be uploaded with a different filename clearly stating the content of the file attachment (for example Passport, Licence copy etc.)

Submitting documents with the same filename may result in the loss of information in the system and added delays to the application assessment.

For questions relating to paperwork, such as how to obtain certified copies of documents, please refer to guidance on documentation.

Keeping your licence current, and what to do if you don’t meet the requirements

The privileges of your licence will only remain valid if in the last 2 years you have met any of the following conditions as pilots of aeroplanes or TMGs:

  1. have completed at least 12 hours of flight time as PIC or flying dual or solo under the supervision of an instructor, including:
    12 take-offs and landings;
    refresher training of at least 1 hour of total flight time with an instructor;
  2. have passed a LAPL(A) proficiency check with an examiner. The proficiency check programme shall be based on the skill test for the LAPL(A);

(b) If you hold both a SEP(land) and a SEP(sea) privilege, you may comply with the requirements in point (a)(1) in either class or a combination thereof which shall be valid for both privileges. For this purpose, at least 1 hour of the required flight time and 6 out of the required 12 take-offs and landings shall be completed in each class. (FCL.140.A)

Contact us

If you have any questions please contact our licensing team:

Email fclweb@caa.co.uk (preferred)
Phone 0330 022 1972 (Mon - Fri 08:30 - 16:30)

Provide page feedback

Please enter your comments below, or use our usual service contacts if a specific matter requires an answer.

Fields marked with an asterisk (*) are required.