When do you need a rating?
You must have a valid and appropriate class or type rating in order to do any flying other than flight instruction, skill tests or proficiency checks for the renewal of type or class ratings.
This does not apply in the case of the LAPL, SPL or BPL.
If you hold a type or class rating, you can act as pilot on the class or type of aircraft specified in the rating. For details of individual ratings, see the specific ratings pages.
You will need to complete a training course at an approved training organisation (ATO). See the individual ratings pages for details of specific training requirements.
Theoretical knowledge examination
Theoretical knowledge examinations must be taken at an ATO. The exams will have a different format depending on the aircraft type the rating is appropriate for:
|Aircraft type||Exam format|
|Multi-pilot aircraft||Written exams made up of at least 100 multiple-choice questions spread across the main subject areas|
|Single-pilot, multi-engine aircraft||Written exams; the number of multiple-choice questions will depend on the complexity of the aircraft|
|Single-engine aircraft||Verbal exam conducted during the skill test to determine whether or not a satisfactory level of knowledge has been achieved|
|Single-pilot aeroplanes classed as high performance aeroplanes||Written exams made up of at least 100 multiple-choice questions spread across the main subject areas|
Theoretical examination crediting
If you hold a type rating for an aircraft type with the privileges for either single-pilot or multi-pilot operations, then you will be fully credited for the theoretical knowledge requirements when you apply to add the privilege for the other form of operation (single- or multi-pilot operations) on the same aircraft type.
At the end of your training course, you will need to pass a skill test with a suitably qualified examiner, in the relevant aircraft class or type, to demonstrate that you can competently carry out the procedures and manoeuvres that you have been taught, while acting as pilot in command (PIC).
You must pass the skill test within 6 months of starting your training course. You must also apply for the issue of the rating within 6 months of the completion date of your skill test.
You must have had some flight instruction on the same aircraft type or class, or group of balloons, that you will be taking your skill test on.
Class and type ratings are valid for 1 year, counted from the end of the calendar month in which you completed your skill test, with the exception of single-pilot single-engine class ratings which are valid for 2 years, counted from the end of the calendar month in which you completed your skill test.
Renewal of ratings
If your rating expires, you will need to take refresher training as determined by an ATO and pass a proficiency check with a suitably qualified examiner.