• A microlight is an aeroplane designed to carry either one person or two people (and not more) and which has a maximum total weight authorised (MTWA) not exceeding:

    • 300 kg for a single seat landplane.
    • 390 kg for a single seat landplane for which a UK Permit to Fly or Certificate of Airworthiness was in force prior to 1 January 2003
    • 450 kg for a two seat landplane
    • 330 kg for a single seat amphibian or floatplane
    • 495 kg for a two seat amphibian or floatplane

    A microlight must also have either a wing loading at the maximum weight authorised not exceeding 25 kg per square metre or a stalling speed at the maximum weight authorised not exceeding 35 knots calibrated speed.

    All UK registered aeroplanes falling within these parameters are Microlight aeroplanes.

    Please note: The above definition of a Microlight is not applicable to rotorcraft or gyroplanes.

    Regulation (EC) 216/2008 excludes Microlights from European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) Regulations and so they remain subject to national rules. You will need a UK national licence to fly a microlight in UK airspace.

    However, the definition of a Microlight in Regulation (EC) 216/2008 does not include single seat aeroplanes with a MTWA above 300 kg or aircraft meeting the wing loading limit in the above definition.

    As a result, single seat Microlights with a MTWA above 300kg may not be approved for the issue of a Permit to Fly. The CAA is considering what action is required for single seat aircraft approved prior to 1 January 2003 with a MTWA of between 300 and 390 kg.

    Microlight aircraft approved since the introduction of EASA are required to meet the stall speed requirements specified above.

    Aircraft accepted prior to the introduction of EASA on the basis of wing loading alone are considered to meet the stall speed requirement.

    Apply for a permit to fly

    Differences training for microlight aeroplanes

    Guidance on when differences training may be required when the pilot wants to fly a microlight aeroplane.

    EASA licence holders

    Article 150 of ANO 2016 requires the holder of an EASA licence with a valid Single Engine Piston Class Rating to complete differences training with an appropriately qualified Instructor prior to flying as pilot in command of a microlight aeroplane. This includes three axis microlights as well as weightshift microlights.

    Article 150 also applies to the holder of an EASA LAPL(A) with valid privileges to fly as pilot in command in Single Engine Piston aeroplanes to complete differences training with an appropriately qualified Instructor prior to flying as pilot in command of a microlight aeroplane. This includes three axis microlights as well as weightshift microlights.

    However, pilots are reminded that any experience amassed in microlight aircraft cannot be counted towards the flying experience requirements necessary to maintain the SEP Class Rating endorsed in an EASA licence or the SEP privileges endorsed in an EASA LAPL(A).

    UK national licence holders

    The ANO 2016 requires the holder of a UK national licence with a valid Single Engine Piston Class Rating to complete differences training with an appropriately qualified Instructor prior to flying as pilot in command of a microlight aeroplane. This includes three axis microlights as well as weightshift microlights.

    For the holder of a UK NPPL(A) with a valid Simple Single Engine Aeroplane Class Rating, they must complete the required training and testing and obtain a Microlight Class Rating prior to flying as a pilot in command of a microlight aeroplane. This includes three axis microlights as well as weightshift microlights.

    For pilots flying on a UK national licence, including the NPPL(A), flight experience amassed in microlight aircraft with three axis flight controls can be counted towards the flying experience requirements necessary to maintain the SEP and SSEA Class Ratings.

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