We use necessary cookies to make our website work. We'd also like to use optional cookies to understand how you use it, and to help us improve it.

For more information, please read our cookie policy.

UK Civil Aviation Regulations

These are published by the CAA on our UK Regulations pages. EU Regulations and EASA Access Guides published by EASA no longer apply in the UK. Our website and publications are being reviewed to update all references. Any references to EU law and EASA Access guides should be disregarded and where applicable the equivalent UK versions referred to instead.

Over the coming months and years, the CAA is working to address the remaining regulatory challenges that will enable authorised operators to operate Beyond Visual Line of Sight (BVLOS) in a scaled, sustainable way. 

Safety is everyone’s priority. To achieve our goal, we must make sure other airspace users are sufficiently protected, and the risk to people and property on the ground is minimised.

We’ve consolidated our plan into four primary areas of work. We call them ‘the four-pillars’.

Pilot competency

Industry wants a simpler, more standardised mechanism to demonstrate the competence of their pilots when flying BVLOS. In collaboration with industry, we are developing the next phase of formal pilot competency, beyond the GVC, to support this.


Industry needs a formal, nationally recognised mechanism to demonstrate the robustness of their aircraft when applying for an Operational Authorisation. Alongside industry, we are developing a set of requirements for certain UAS that will be assessed by a network of Flightworthiness Recognised Assessment Entities.

Risk assessment

In order to authorise more complex UAS operations at scale, we need a more suitable mechanism to assess and mitigate risk. To that end, the UK will be adopting a slightly amended version of the JARUS 2.5 Specific Operations Risk Assessment (SORA). The primary amendments will come from the Air Risk Class to take into account, primarily, exemptions to the UK Standardised European Rules of the Air.

Airspace How we safely integrate BVLOS operations into the UK’s busy and compact airspace is one of the key challenges. Initially, we are exploring the use of an atypical air environment to sufficiently address the mid-air-collision risk when operating in non-segregated airspace. In the medium to long term our focus is on enabling a regulatory landscape which supports the adoption of detect and avoid technologies, as well as electronic conspicuity.

We have produced a video and podcast to help explain the work being done. Throughout 2023 we will be publishing further information, as well as consulting on specific areas.