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UK Civil Aviation Regulations

These are published by the CAA on our UK Regulations pages. EU Regulations and EASA Access Guides published by EASA no longer apply in the UK. Our website and publications are being reviewed to update all references. Any references to EU law and EASA Access guides should be disregarded and where applicable the equivalent UK versions referred to instead.

The project will transform the operational authorisation process for Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) in the Specific Category by standardising and simplifying the process, and providing a pathway to enable more complex RPAS operations in a scalable way.

The project comprises of four key workstreams:

A new standardised approach to risk assessment (UK SORA); A new risk assessment methodology for RPAS operations in the UK, based on the SORA process developed by JARUS as a global standard.

Pilot competence: A new  scheme that will expand on the existing scheme to support a wider range of operational scenarios through the introduction of new certification levels.

Flightworthiness: Implementation of a new scheme utilising a network of third-party Recognised Assessment Entities (RAEs) to assess UAS flightworthiness on our behalf.  

A new online application process:  A new platform and simplified application process for Specific Category operational authorisations.

The project will also work closely with several airspace projects to ensure UAS operations can be safely integrated in non-segregated airspace, including through the use of detect-and-avoid systems and electronic conspicuity.

The project will deliver:

Better customer experience: A simplified, clearer and more efficient end-to-end process for applications and clearer guidance and information.  

Reduced timescales for authorisations: A reduction in the time taken for CAA to assess and approve simple applications.

A standardised, consistent approach: SORA is a global, standardised approach that provides a transparent, consistent methodology for UAS risk assessment.   

Proportionate measures: Safety measures that are employed will be proportional to the risk posed by the specific UAS operation.

Scalability: The changes will enable us to support increased demand in Specific Category operations.


We aim to complete the project by the end of 2025, with some objectives being met ahead of this time. Target dates include:

  • Now live: New application tool for PDRA01 applications
  • Q2 2024 – Remote Pilot Competency policy live
  • Q3/4 2024 – RAE(F) policy live
  • Q3/4 2024 – UK SORA policy live
  • 2025 – SORA-based applications on new application tool

For now, UAS operators who wish to apply to fly in the Specific Category should continue to use the methodology and templates laid out in our CAP 722A publication until we provide further updates.

These dates represent the planned publication dates of policy material for each RAE scheme. It is anticipated that additional time will be required for potential RAE organisations to develop their applications and for the CAA to assess and approve RAEs under the new schemes.

Industry engagement

We are committed to ensuring that the development and implementation of the project is aligned with the needs and expectations of stakeholders.

We will be running a number of consultations for SORA, remote pilot competency and flightworthiness as we develop the policies. The UK SORA will be based on JARUS version of SORA which has already had extensive consultation globally. 

We have also established a DiSCO Stakeholder Working Group (SWG) to facilitate engagement, consultation, and collaboration between the CAA and industry throughout the course of the project.

We will also continually update this area of the website.