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UK – EU Transition, and UK Civil Aviation Regulations

To access current UK civil aviation regulations, including AMC and GM, CAA regulatory documents, please use this link to UK Regulation. Please note, if you use information and guidance under the Headings below, the references to EU regulations or EU websites in our guidance will not be an accurate information or description of your obligations under UK law. These pages are undergoing reviews and updates.

We have powers under the Civil Aviation Act 2012 for the economic regulation of airport operators that pass the market power test in the Act. In February 2014 we granted a licence to Gatwick Airport Limited (GAL). The licence includes commitments that GAL gave on airport charges for the period 1 April 2014 to 31 March 2021.

The licence, an operator determination, our notice granting the licence and supporting documentation, and documents relating to our licensing of GAL are below:

More information on the market power assessment and the initial licence conditions (including the commitments) are on the market power assessment and price control pages accordingly.

Modifications to the licence

Licence conditions can be modified in two ways:

  • using a statutory process to modify set out in the Civil Aviation Act 2012
  • using a self-modification process in which GAL and its airline community can modify certain specified parts of its commitments

Any modifications to the licence will be shown on our public register with a link from this page.

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Service quality at Gatwick

GAL pays rebates to airlines if its service quality does not reach specific standards. Details of its performance against the standards are on the Gatwick airport website.

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G7 review

The initial set of commitments that formed the basis of our economic regulation of Gatwick Airport Limited (GAL) expired on 31 March 2021.

We carried out a review (called ‘G7’) of the appropriate regulatory arrangements that should be put in place after that date. We published an initial consultation in June 2018, an update letter in October 2018 and a further consultation in October 2020.

We consulted on proposed modifications to GAL’s licence in February 2021, and confirmed our final decision in May 2021.

May 2021 decision

This document gives notice under section 22(6) of the Civil Aviation Act 2012 (“CAA12”) of the CAA's decision to modify Gatwick Airport Limited's (“GAL”) licence. The modifications are to accept GAL's proposed new commitments as the basis of our economic regulation of GAL for the four year period from 2021/22 to 2024/25. This decision follows on from the notice issued under section 22(2) of CAA12 in February 2021 and the consultation on our proposed approach in October 2020.

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February 2021 statutory consultation

Economic regulation of Gatwick Airport Limited: notice of proposed licence modifications (CAP2103)

This document gives formal notice under section 22(2) of the Civil Aviation Act 2012 of our proposal to modify Gatwick Airport Limited's (“GAL”) licence to accept GAL's proposed new commitments as the basis of our economic regulation of GAL for the four year period from 2021/22 to 2024/25. This statutory consultation follows on from the consultation on our proposed approach in October 2020.

Responses:

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Q6 mid-term review

In 2014 we adopted a new approach to regulating the charges and services Gatwick Airport Limited (GAL) offers to airlines, based on a set specific commitments given by GAL. We carried out a review of this new framework in the second half of 2016, to consider whether it was operating in passengers' interests.

Findings and conclusions

  • Conclusion document, CAP1502 (December 2016)
    This document reports the findings and conclusions of our mid-term review of the economic regulatory framework that we now apply to Gatwick Airport Limited.
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Q6 licence and airport price control

Final Proposals

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Constructive engagement

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Consultancy reports

Consultant reports commissioned by the CAA

Consultant reports commissioned by other stakeholders

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