The Onshore Safety Review (CAP1864)
This article was published in 2019 with the aim of providing an assessment of safety performance for UK onshore helicopter operations and to set actions or make recommendations to improve safety, with the ultimate aim of minimising the likelihood of accidents and incidents.
Since publication, both the COVID-19 pandemic and changes brought by Brexit have meant a delay to the progress of many actions and recommendations. Furthermore, some areas of the report are now less relevant, whilst others will need increased focus due to, for example, changes and advancement in technology over the last few years.
Where Actions or Recommendations have been closed, a statement will provide summary detail of the closure.
Any Actions and Recommendations that are currently open are being advanced by either the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA), Onshore Safety Leadership Group (OnSLG) or Industry and will be updated as regularly as possible, with those not yet shown being in the development stage.
Flight Operations Actions
The Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) will work with the onshore industry to develop and implement similar objectives to the OHSLG through an Onshore Safety Leadership Group for CAT and emergency service operations.
The Onshore Safety Leadership Group (OnSLG) has been established to help deliver appropriate actions and recommendation published in CAP1864 - The Onshore Helicopter Review (2019.) Its purpose is to set a strategic safety agenda for the onshore helicopter industry and to work collectively with stakeholders, operators and regulatory bodies to help shape the future of helicopter safety management in the UK.
The Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) will liaise with NATS to review the NOTAM system with the aim of improving the presentation of information to end users.
The UK CAA is responsible for the form and content of the UK Aeronautical Products and NATS, as the UK Aeronautical Information Service (AIS) provider, is responsible for the preparation and availability of the products. These products are supplied in accordance with UK AIP GEN 0.1.
On 12 August 2021, the NATS website underwent a signification update to improve its features and functionality.
The data provided by AIS is freely available for both commercial and non-commercial pilots and includes a separate page on NOTAMs covering:
- Guidance Material
- Q Codes and NOTAM Selection Criteria
- NOTAM request form
- NOTAM position collection
- Harmonised NOTAM
Pre-flight Information Bulletins (PIB) provide NOTAM access as a part of the NATS Briefing Services and provide a recapitulation of valid NOTAMs of operational significance. The improved service now provides both better functionality, improved presentation and the ability to graphically display NOTAMs on a user defined map.
The Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) will conduct a review of all of its training, standards and guidance material associated with the onshore helicopter industry to ensure that it is relevant and up to date.
Due to the changes of regulation made necessary by Brexit, several CAA Publications required amendment before being reissued during 2021.
This gave the CAA Helicopter Section the opportunity to review, reconcile and update their primary Standard Documents, thereby providing the helicopter industry the latest training, standards and guidance material.
The following helicopter specific Standards Documents were reviewed and updated.
Review and Updates
17 May 2021
- CAA Standards Document 1(H) - Notes for the Guidance of Applicants taking the Initial Instrument Rating Skill Test Helicopters
- CAA Standards Document 3(H) - Notes for the Guidance of Applicants taking the CPL Skill Test (Helicopters)
- CAA Standards Document 10(H) - Authorised Flight Instructor Examiners (Helicopters) Instructors undergoing Assessment of Competence
- CAA Standards Document 19(H) - Notes for the Guidance of Applicants taking the PPL Skill Test (Helicopters)
- CAA Standards Document 21(H) - Guidance for Applicants taking the Helicopter Examiners Assessment of Competence and Providers of Examiner Standardisation Training
23 April 2021
- UK CAA Helicopter Flight Examiners Manual
The Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) will review its policy and guidance to industry on the use of Simulation for training and testing.
In its response to Action 17, whereby the CAA updated and amended its Standards and Guidance Material, the opportunity was taken to review and enhance any published guidance on the use of Simulation.
The following Standards Documents were updated and contain specific guidance for Simulation:
CAA Standards Document Reference 1H - Notes for the Guidance of Applicants taking the Initial Instrument Rating Skill Test Helicopters
- Flight Simulation Training Device (FSTD) usage for Performance Based Navigation (PBN)
- SRG2135 Section 6
- Multi Engine Instrument Rating Upgrade
CAA Standards Document 10(H) - Authorised Flight Instructor Examiners (Helicopters) Instructors undergoing Assessment of Competence
- Content and conduct of Type Rating Instructor (TRI) Assessment
- TRI Renewal
- Synthetic Flight Instructor (SFI) restricted privileges
- Synthetic Flight (SF) Revalidation
CAA Standards Document 19(H) - Notes for the Guidance of Applicants taking the PPL Skill Test (Helicopters)
- SRG1172 Section 5
CAA Standards Document 21(H) - Guidance for Applicants taking the Helicopter Examiners Assessment of Competence and Providers of Examiner Standardisation Training
- Variation on privileges
- Examiner Assessment of Compliance (EAoC) conducted in simulators
- Type Rating Examiner (TRE) / Synthetic Flight Examiner (SFE) Requirements
- Standardisation – Facilities & Training Manual & Personnel & Course Syllabus
TRE b(4) Requirements
UK CAA Helicopter Flight Examiners Manual
- Flight Test Guidance – FSTDs
- ANNEX 1 – Use of FSTDs
- APPENDIX 1-10