We use necessary cookies to make our website work. We'd also like to use optional cookies to understand how you use it, and to help us improve it.

For more information, please read our cookie policy.

UK Civil Aviation Regulations

These are published by the CAA on our UK Regulations pages. EU Regulations and EASA Access Guides published by EASA no longer apply in the UK. Our website and publications are being reviewed to update all references. Any references to EU law and EASA Access guides should be disregarded and where applicable the equivalent UK versions referred to instead.

Low energy management

This is a reconstruction of a near stall on take-off caused by the distraction of a lightning strike which terrified the cabin crew.

The confusion and lack of monitoring of flight path and Flight Mode Annunciators in the cockpit results in a situation where no-one is flying the aircraft and it pitches up to an un-commanded 30 degrees.

When a distraction has occurred it is always important to check the flight path and FMAs to get back into the loop again and continue the monitoring task by mentally flying the aircraft.

Vertical flight path management

These three scenarios illustrate level bust examples caused by incorrect mode selections resulting from lack of monitoring of pilot actions.

These were due to in part to poor communication and workload management.

In order to avoid level busts it is essential that all flight path changes are monitored. Check the pilot actions, resultant system modes on FMAs and aircraft responses on flight instruments.