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UK Civil Aviation Regulations

These are published by the CAA on our UK Regulations pages. EU Regulations and EASA Access Guides published by EASA no longer apply in the UK. Our website and publications are being reviewed to update all references. Any references to EU law and EASA Access guides should be disregarded and where applicable the equivalent UK versions referred to instead.

The UK Civil Aviation Authority has published data on the number of Fixed Penalty Notices (FPNs) issued to airlines for carrying passengers who had not complied with Covid-19 requirements for international passengers travelling to the UK.

In the first six months of 2021, the UK Civil Aviation Authority issued 1621 Fixed Penalty Notices (FPNs) to airlines for carrying passengers who had not complied with Covid-19 requirements for international passengers travelling to the UK.

Passengers arriving into the UK are required to provide proof of a valid negative Covid-19 test taken no more than three days before departure and are required to have completed a passenger locator form (PLF). Additionally, passengers arriving from Green-list counties are required to have booked and paid for one Covid-19 test to be taken on day two after their arrival into the UK, passengers arriving from Amber-list countries are required to have booked and paid for two Covid-19 tests to be taken on day two and day eight and passengers that have been in a Red-list country in the 10 days prior to their arrival are required to have booked a place in managed quarantine.

Airlines are required to check that passengers have complied with these requirements prior to boarding their flight to the UK. Where a passenger arriving into the UK by air is identified as having failed to comply with one or more of these requirements, Border Force may issue a financial penalty against the passenger. The Civil Aviation Authority may also issue an FPN against the operator.

Airlines have 28 days to pay or contest the FPN and provide evidence to the Civil Aviation Authority demonstrating that they performed the necessary checks on the passenger concerned. In such cases, where operators are able to demonstrate compliance, we will rescind the FPN.

In addition to issuing FPNs, our enforcement policy provides the flexibility to pursue alternative enforcement approaches simultaneously, including the ability to investigate and prosecute carriers for systemic failure to comply with the legislation.

Monthly breakdown of FPNs up to the end of Q2 2021
Month FPNs served FPNs rescinded FPNs paid
February 30 0 0
March 455 11 7
April 384 9 232
May 528 78 118
June 224 68 309
Totals 1621 166 666

A breakdown of FPNs served by airline and by type can be found on our website.


The monthly breakdown of FPNs is published by the Civil Aviation Authority on a quarterly basis.

The number of FPNs paid illustrates the number paid within that month. The majority of fines issued in Q1 and Q2 have now been paid or rescinded. Further data will be available within our next update.

The Civil Aviation Authority is not the relevant authority for enforcement against operators for passengers arriving on flights into Scotland or Northern Ireland.

In Q2, on average, it took around 25 days for an FPN to be served on an operator from the date the non-compliant passenger arrived on their flight into the UK.

Passenger compliance with the Covid-19 international travel requirements was estimated by the Civil Aviation Authority to be > 99.7% in Q1 and Q2 2021 (based on the number of violations referred to the CAA by Border Force as a percentage of the number of passengers arriving by air into England from outside the Common Travel Area (CTA)).

Guidance on travelling to the UK is available at http://gov.uk/uk-border-control.