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UK – EU Transition, and UK Civil Aviation Regulations

To access current UK civil aviation regulations, including AMC and GM, CAA regulatory documents, please use this link to UK Regulation. Please note, if you use information and guidance under the Headings below, the references to EU regulations or EU websites in our guidance will not be an accurate information or description of your obligations under UK law. These pages are undergoing reviews and updates.

Spaceflight activities above the stratosphere

Launch activity of a rocket capable of operating above the stratosphere (circa 50km altitude) is regulated under the Space Industry Act 2018 and requires a licence.

We issue large rocket permissions under Section 96 of the Air Navigation Order.

The nature of proposed rocket activities will determine the permission types the operator must obtain from the CAA.

Types of rocket

Large Rockets

All non-military rockets with a total combined motor impulse of greater than 10,240 Newton-seconds ,that are not capable of exceeding the stratosphere must receive a Large Rocket permission under Article 96 (8) of the UK ANO 2016 prior to commencing operations

Small Rockets

Spaceflight activities using rockets with motors of greater than 160 Ns but less than 10,240 Ns total combined impulse need:

Model Rockets

Spaceflight activities using rockets with motors of up to 160 Ns total combined impulse do not need CAA permission, regardless of whether these are of a commercial nature as defined in section 7 of the Air Navigation Order (ANO) 2016.

Spaceflight activities above the stratosphere

Launch activity of a rocket capable of operating above the stratosphere (circa 50km altitude) is regulated under the Space Industry Act 2018 and requires a licence.

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