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UK – EU Transition, and UK Civil Aviation Regulations

To access current UK civil aviation regulations, including AMC and GM, CAA regulatory documents, please use this link to UK Regulation. Please note, if you use information and guidance under the Headings below, the references to EU regulations or EU websites in our guidance will not be an accurate information or description of your obligations under UK law. These pages are undergoing reviews and updates.

If you are applying for a launch operator or spaceport licence under the Space Industry Act 2018 (SIA), you will need to complete an assessment of environmental effects (AEE).
The AEE will ensure that you have considered the potential environmental effects of your intended activities and, if necessary, taken proportionate steps to avoid, mitigate or offset the risks and their potential effects.

The guidance for the assessment of environmental effects is designed to help you understand what you will need to do in order to complete your AEE. It explains what an AEE is and what we expect your AEE to include. It will be of use before beginning a licence application as well as during the application process.

Guidance on completing an AEE

Also, under the SIA, we are required to take account of the environmental objectives which have been set by the Secretary of State. Guidance has been developed to provide specific guidance to the CAA on the following:

  • what the environmental objectives are
  • how the objectives fit with overarching environmental policies
  • how the CAA should interpret these objectives when assessing launch operator and spaceport AEE’s

Guidance to the regulator on environmental objectives relating to the exercise of its functions under the Space Industry Act 2018

Although the environmental objectives are for us to take account of, having an understanding of what requirements we will be looking for will be helpful to launch operator and spaceport licence applicants.

There is also an existing wealth of environmental requirements operating under separate legislation, independently of the AEE submission. Applicants should contact all environmental protection bodies whose jurisdiction they fall under to ensure compliance with all environmental obligations and seek independent legal advice. For example:

  • A marine licence may be required for the activity. Applicants should liaise with the appropriate marine licensing body in their area
  • Environmental permits, such as water discharge and greenhouse gas emissions permits, may be required to conduct certain activities
  • A wildlife licence may be required where an activity will disturb or remove wildlife or damage habitats. Applicants should liaise with the appropriate environmental protection agency.

Prospective launch operator and spaceport licence applicants will be required to engage with competent experts to conduct the AEE.

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