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    Minimum age for a licence

    The minimum age to get a PPL is 17.

    The minimum age to get a SPL or BPL is 16, or to fly commercially the minimum age is 18.

    Training Requirements

    You must complete a training course at an approved training organisation (ATO), including theoretical knowledge and flight instruction, before applying for a PPL, BPL or SPL.

    Theoretical knowledge examinations

    As part of the application for a private licence, you will need to take and pass exams in the following subject areas:

    Common subjects

    • Air law
    • Human performance
    • Meteorology
    • Communications

    Exams specific to the aircraft category:

    • Principles of flight
    • Operational procedures
    • Flight performance and planning
    • Aircraft general knowledge
    • Navigation

    Validity of passed theoretical knowledge exams

    If you successfully pass the theoretical exams for the issue of a private pilot’s licence they will be valid for 24 months, within which time you must complete the skill test, otherwise they will lapse and you’ll have to retake them.

    Skill test

    At the end of you training you will need to take a skill test with an examiner, in the relevant aircraft type, to demonstrate that you can competently carry out the procedures and manoeuvres that you have been taught, while acting as pilot in command (PIC).

    You must have had some flight instruction on the same aircraft type or class, or group of balloons, that you will be taking your skill test on.

    Your PPL/SPL/BPL does not require a language proficiency test, however to operate radio telephony equipment you must hold a Flight Radio Telephony Operators Licence.

  • Related Information

    All relevant European regulations such as Part- ARO, ORO, CAT, SPA, NCC, NCO, MED are available on the link shown below.

    For Flight Crew Regulations please refer to the consolidated version Commission Regulation (EU) No 1178/2011.

    For other regulations such as Part-ORO, Part-ORA, please check the Air Operations regulations.