• Prerequisites, experience and crediting for an ATPL (A)


    If you are applying for an ATPL (A) you will need to already:

    • hold an MPL, or
    • hold a CPL (A) and a multi-engine IR for aeroplanes, and have completed instruction in multi-crew co-operation (MCC).

    Flight time

    You must have completed a minimum of 1500 hours of flight time in aeroplanes, including at least:

    1. 500 hours in multi-pilot operations on aeroplanes
    2. One of the following:
      • 500 hours as PIC under supervision, or
      • 250 hours as PIC, or
      • 250 hours as PIC under supervision, including at least 70 hours as PIC
    3. 200 hours of cross-country flight time, of which at least 100 hours should be as PIC or as PIC under supervision
    4. 75 hours of instrument time, of which not more than 30 hours can be instrument ground time
    5. 100 hours of night flight as PIC or co-pilot.

    Of the 1500 hours of total flight time required, up to 100 hours can be completed in a suitable simulator (FFS or FNPT - but only a maximum of 25 hours may be completed in an FNPT).

    Multi-pilot experience gained in single pilot aircraft

    For two pilot operations in single pilot aeroplanes to be accepted as “Multi-pilot operations” you must show evidence that the approval of the operator to carry out the flight included a legal requirement that two pilots acting together was the minimum allowable crew for the flight.
    The European Aircrew Regulation includes the following definitions:

    Multi-pilot operation

    For aeroplanes, it means an operation requiring at least 2 pilots using multi-crew cooperation in either multi-pilot or single-pilot aeroplanes;
    For helicopters, it means an operation requiring at least 2 pilots using multi-crew cooperation on multi-pilot helicopters.

    Multi-pilot aircraft

    For aeroplanes, it means aeroplanes certificated for operation with a minimum crew of at least two pilots;
    For helicopters, airships and powered-lift aircraft, it means the type of aircraft which is required to be operated with a co-pilot as specified in the flight manual or by the air operator certificate or equivalent document.
    A flight with two pilots who are simply taking turns to fly - and where the flight could still take place if only one pilot was available - is not a multi-pilot operation. For a flight to be accepted as multi-pilot the law that applied to the flight must require 2 pilots. 
    Documentary evidence from both the operator (Air Operator’s Certificate clearly identifying the nature of the operations) and the national authority concerned confirming that the aircraft used was required to be operated solely by 2 pilots qualified on type will be required as well as logbook evidence.


    Holders of a pilot licence for other categories of aircraft shall be credited with flight time up to a maximum of:

    • for TMG or sailplanes, 30 hours flown as PIC
    • for helicopters, 50% of all the flight time requirements listed above

    Holders of a flight engineer licence shall be credited with 50% of the flight engineer time up to a maximum of 250 hours. These 250 hours may be credited against the 1500 hours of total flight time listed above and the 500 hours multi-pilot operations requirement above, provided that the total credit given against any of these does not exceed 250 hours.

    Skill test

    The experience listed above must be completed before the skill test for the ATPL (A) is taken.