The high-level Regulations involved in Single European Sky
This Regulation sets the objectives for the SES and establishes the institutional arrangements: the Single Sky Committee (SSC), the Commission chaired regulatory committee on which each state has two seats, the Industry Consultation Body (ICB) which advises the Commission from an industry perspective, and the National Supervisory Authorities (NSAs) which have been established by States to assume tasks outlined in the four regulations and other developing SES measures. The CAA is the UK's NSA and the CAA's Director of Airspace Policy is one of the two UK members of the SSC; the other is the Head of Airspace Division in the Department for Transport (DfT).
This Regulation lays the foundation for the development of a single European Upper Information Region (EUIR), mandates the reconfiguration of airspace above FL285 into Functional Airspace Blocks (FABs) and calls for more extensive application of the Flexible Use of Airspace (FUA) concept. More detailed Commission Implementing Rules (IRs) on FUA and Airspace Classification were agreed during 2005 and have since been implemented in the UK. A further IR is being developed on airspace design and the EUIR is also under discussion.
This Regulation sets out the Framework for establishing Common Requirements for the safe and efficient provision of air navigation services in the Community. It introduces the requirements for the certification of Air Navigation Service Providers (ANSPs) by NSAs and the designation by member states of certified providers to provide services within specified airspace blocks; in the UK it has been agreed that the designation function will also fall to the CAA as the NSA. The Common Requirements Regulation, which gives effect to detailed certification requirements, came into force in 2006. It has resulted in much activity to certificate ANSPs according to defined standards. It includes the mandatory adoption of certain Eurocontrol Safety Regulatory Requirements (ESARRs) under EC law.
The Service provision regulation also provides for a charging scheme for Air Navigation Services (ANS) in all airspace - aerodrome and en-route. A Charging Regulation, detailing requirements for the charging scheme has now been adopted by the Commission and published in the OJEU. For en-route charges the regulation came into effect on 1 January 2008. For aerodrome charges, the regulation came into effect in 2007, although many of its provisions have been deferred by the UK until 2010. Under the regulation, airports must provide transparency information on how their charges are calculated. However, airports within a contestable market with between 50,000 and 150,000 movements per year may be subject to reduced transparency requirements. The DfT have commissioned the CAA's Economic Regulation Group (ERG) to carry out a contestability assessment to determine whether ANSPs at these airports can be subject to the reduced requirements in respect of calculating and publishing the basis of terminal charges.
This Regulation defines the component systems of the European ATM Network, introduces IRs and Europe-wide standards and specifications and establishes procedures for verifying compliance. To date, four Interoperability IRs have been adopted and published in the OJEU: Initial Flight Plan, Co-ordination and Transfer, Flight Message Transfer Protocol and Air/Ground Voice Channel Spacing (8.33 kHz). Further IRs are being drafted under this top-level Regulation to cover all aspects of the ATM network, including Data Link Services and rules on Surveillance Requirements and Mode S allocation. Acceptable Means of Compliance (AMC) will be set out in Community Specifications (CS) that are being drawn up by industry. More information can be found on the SES Interoperability pages.
This Regulation amends the original single sky high level regulations (above) with the aim of improving the performance and sustainability of the European aviation system.