The CAA has powers under the Airports (Groundhandling) Regulations 1997 which implemented the European directive on access to the groundhandling market at Community airports. The directive is intended to liberalise handling at EU airports.
Airports with over 2 million passengers a year cannot limit the number of self handlers or third party suppliers of ground handling services without permission from the CAA.
Limitations can only be granted on the grounds of specific safety, security, capacity or available space constraints.
Airports can apply to the CAA for the number of suppliers or self-handlers to be limited. The information required in an application is set out in the following document:
Decisions on appeals under Regulation 20
Decisions on applications to limit the number of ground handlers
Decisions to reserve management of centralised infrastructure