Airport Market Power Assessment

On this page we publish all relevant documents relating to the market power assessments for Heathrow, Gatwick and Stansted.

Airport market power assessments

The CAA has powers under the Civil Aviation Act 2012 to license airport operators that pass a market power test. 

This test consists of three parts:

  • A – that the airport operator has, or is likely to acquire, substantial market power in a market, either alone or taken with other such persons as the CAA considers appropriate;
  • B – that competition law does not provide sufficient protection against the risk that the airport operator may engage in conduct that results in an abuse of the substantial market power; and
  • C – that, for users of air transport services, the benefits of regulating the airport operator by means of a licence are likely to outweigh the adverse effects.

Starting in May 2011, the CAA undertook market power assessments of Heathrow, Gatwick and Stansted airports. In January 2014, the CAA published its findings that Heathrow and Gatwick met the market power tests. The CAA found that Stansted did not meet the tests for services to passenger airlines at the airport. In March 2014, the CAA found that Stansted did not meet the tests for services to cargo airlines at the airport.

The CAA's market power determinations for Heathrow, Gatwick and Stansted are below:

Other documents for the market power assessments

Letter from Gatwick Airport 10 March 2014

Notes of meeting between CAA and Gatwick Airport Board 29 January 2014

Completing two market power determinations for Stansted Airport - letter to stakeholders (December 2013) - response from Manchester Airport Group -    the CAA received a response from FedEx that was confidential 

Stansted Market Power Assessment consultation on relevant market developments- October 2013 - responses to consultation 

Letter to stakeholders for Stansted consultation - October 2013  

Consultation on Heathrow Market Power Assessment - May 2013

Consultation on Gatwick Market Power Assessment - May 2013.

Consultation on Stansted Market Power Assessment - January 2013.

Heathrow, Gatwick and Stansted - Market Power Assessments - Summary - January 2012

Individual documents of the CAA's Initial Views on airport market power - February 2012

Responses to Initial views

To prepare for this work, the CAA previously developed guidance on how the CAA expects to undertake such market power assessments in the airport sector

Initial call for evidence

Working papers

Stakeholder seminar - 15 November 2011

Stakeholder Submission

Other evidence