Initial Class 2 (Private Pilot) Medical Examination

How to gain a Class 2 medical certificate

Anyone wishing to train for a private pilot’s licence will need to obtain an initial Class 2 or LAPL medical certificate or an NPPL medical declaration as part of the licensing requirements.  Please note that only one EU medical certificate may be held at any one time.  The applicant should ensure they know which type of certificate or declaration is required for their licence type.  The assessment process for initial applicants for Class 2 and LAPL can be found on our Guidance for Applicants for Initial Medical Certificates in the UK flow chart.


Initial applicant enquiries
Initial applicant enquiries on fitness for Class 2 medical certification should be made to an Aeromedical Examiner (AME)


Initial Class 2 (private pilot) Medical Examination 
The Class 2 medical examination can be done by any UK CAA approved Aeromedical Examiner (AME).  There are several AMEs in each county and others overseas.  One close to you can be located by using the Find an AME search from the Menu. 


Who can apply
An applicant for a Private Pilots Licence must be at least 17 years old.  A Class 2 Medical Certificate will be required while completing the training for this category of licence.


Validity   
UK CAA Medical Certificate Validity Table


What to expect
The medical examination will take about one hour and the AME is responsible for setting the fee.  It is divided into a number of parts:


Medical History - Application for Medical Certificate (MED160)
These are a series of questions about medical history and any previous illness.  You will be asked about them by your AME, and if there is any major illness in your past, it is important to bring reports about it from your family doctor or treating specialist.  Appendicitis or a broken arm are not regarded as major illnesses.  Further details of the regulatory requirements can be found on our Medical Examination Standards page.  You may find it helpful to print off the requirements and discuss them with your GP or Specialist.  Guidance on the information your AME will require in medical reports, together with flow charts on the assessment process for a number of medical conditions can be found on our Documents for Download page.


Eyesight - Eye examination form (MED162)
Eyesight requirements are listed at Class 2 Visual Standards.  If you wear glasses or contact lenses it is important to take your last optician’s report along to the examination, alternatively, you can ask your ophthalmology specialist to complete an up-to-date Eye examination form.  Distant visual acuity, with or without correction, shall be 6/12 or better in each eye separately and with both eyes shall be 6/9 or better.


Physical ExaminationGuidance on Performing Medical Examinations for AMEs
A general check that all is functioning correctly.  It will cover lungs, heart, blood pressure, stomach, limbs and nervous system.


Hearing – ENT form (MED 163)  
The AME will use normal conversational voice 2 metres behind you.  You should be able to hear that in each ear separately.  If you wish to obtain an instrument rating as a private pilot, then you will need to meet the Class 2 Instrument rating Standards.  When an instrument rating is to be added to the licence held, hearing will be tested with pure tone audiometry, and initial applicants may not have a hearing loss of more than 35dB at any of the frequencies 500Hz, 1000Hz or 2000Hz, or more than 50dB at 3000Hz, in either ear separately.


Electrocardiogram (ECG)
This measures the electrical impulses passing through your heart.  It can show disorders of the heart rhythm or of the conduction of the impulses, and sometimes it can show a lack of blood supplying the heart muscle.  Changes on an ECG require further investigation.  A report from a cardiologist and further tests (for example an exercise ECG) may need to be done. 


Lung function test (peak flow)
This tests your ability to expel air rapidly from your lungs.  It is sometimes tested if you have had any respiratory problems, eg asthma (UK CAA Asthma guidance and Guidance for Respiratory Reports).


Urine test
You will be asked to provide a sample of urine, so remember to attend for examination with a full bladder.  This tests for sugar (diabetes), protein or blood in the urine.


Typical processing time 
A medical certificate is issued on the same day if all required standards are met.  If the required standards are not met or further investigations are necessary this process will take longer.  Your AME may need to consult with the Authority Medical Section (AMS) at Gatwick before a decision on medical certification is possible.