While cockpit technology has played a major part in reducing the risk of some accidents, these
advances may not have been matched with corresponding changes in pilot training, leading to
increases in loss of control events.
Effective pilot monitoring is a key safety net in the prevention of, and recovery from, loss of
Monitoring is the behaviour and skills used by pilots to maintain their own ‘big picture’ by
cross checking each other’s actions and diligent observation of the flight path, aircraft system
and automation modes.
The monitoring skills study and the resulting report and videos available here, aim to promote a
good understanding among pilots as to why active monitoring is so important. The clips show how
human frailties can contribute to monitoring lapses and highlight some strategies that can improve
monitoring skills. They also encourage trainers to place more emphasis on the training and
assessment of monitoring skills by incorporating monitoring into exercises and checks.
Matters - Guidance on the Development of Pilot Monitoring Skills
The video scenarios on these pages show reconstructions of serious incidents from the CAA’s
occurrence database and is aimed at ab-initio and recurrent classroom training, although it will be
of interest to all pilots. They are designed to illustrate a range of outcomes from monitoring
The clip below provides an overview of these scenarios and the important root causes that need
to be mitigated against to reduce the likelihood of monitoring lapses.
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