• To fly any EASA certified aircraft, from 8 April 2018 you will need to hold an EASA licence.
    There are two exceptions: the deadline for sailplane and balloon licences under EASA SPL, BPL, LAPL(s) or LAPL(B) is 8 April 2020 (mandatory conversion is not required prior to this date) and microlights and gyroplanes cannot be converted to an equivalent Part-FCL licence.

    The EASA licensing system

    Pilot licensing regulations are being standardised across all member states of EASA (the European Aviation Safety Agency), including the UK. A number of new pilot licences have been introduced which replace licences issued by national authorities across Europe. These licences are known as EASA licences or Part-FCL licences, and have been mainly introduced by European Part-FCL legislation. 

    A JAR licence will continue to be valid until its expiry date but cannot be renewed. Expired JAR licences will have to be converted to an EASA licence. After the deadline, it will only be possible to fly EASA certified aircraft if you hold an EASA licence.

    You will not lose your licence if you do not convert by 8 April 2018. If you hold a JAR licence, you will not be able to exercise the privileges of your licence until it has been converted to the EASA format. Lifetime UK PPLs will still be valid to fly Annex II non-EASA aircraft, subject to holding the minimum level of medical required and a valid rating. However, any privileges to fly EASA aircraft will be lost.

    Our licence conversion table will help identify the most appropriate EASA licence to convert to.

    Holding an EASA licence will entitle you to fly EASA registered aircraft. They are also valid for life, whereas JAR licences required renewal every five years.

    We recommend that pilots submit their applications early: we cannot guarantee that we will be able to process last-minute applications in time for the deadline, which may result in the grounding of a pilot.

  • If you hold an expired JAR licence, you will not be able to exercise the privileges of your licence until it has been converted to the EASA format.

    See the section below called 'how to prepare and submit an application'.  

    Commercial pilots wishing to fly EASA aircraft must hold an EASA licence. 

    Pilots wishing to fly EASA aircraft under PPL privileges must convert to an EASA licence by 08 April 2018. After this date, PPL pilots will no longer be able to fly EASA aircraft using a national licence. Lifetime UK PPLs will still be valid to fly Annex II non-EASA aircraft, subject to holding the minimum level of medical required and a valid rating. However, any privileges to fly EASA aircraft will be lost.

    GA pilots can continue to fly EASA aircraft on their national licences up to LAPL privileges until 07 June 2018. After this date, all pilots will have to hold an EASA licence to fly EASA aircraft.

    There are three exceptions:

    • Balloons and Sailplanes are subject to delays in the drafting of the relevant flight crew legislation. The UK will issue a short-term exemption for pilots of these categories, permitting the continued use of the current national licensing requirements for these categories of aircraft

    • You cannot convert an NPPL licence that was issued after 07 April. 

    • Microlights and gyroplanes cannot be converted to an equivalent Part-FCL licence.

    Our licence conversion table will help identify the most appropriate EASA licence to convert to.

    As of 7 June 2018, if you wish to fly any EASA registered aircraft then you must hold an EASA licence and relevant medical. If you do not already hold an EASA licence you will need to submit a conversion application.

    If you wish to fly Annex II aircraft only you do not need an EASA licence - only a national UK licence.

    If you wish to fly both Annex II aircraft and EASA aircraft and the Annex II aircraft are covered under the ratings on your licence (such as SEP), you only need to hold an EASA licence. However, if the aircraft requires any other specific type or class rating, you will need to hold both an EASA license and a UK licence with this rating on it.

    If you are unsure what type of licence you hold, please refer to the front section of your licence. 

    If page 1 of 16 states 'European Union Flight Crew Licence issued in accordance with Part-FCL' then you already hold an EASA licence.

    You need to know whether you are flying Annex II aircraft or EASA registered aircraft in order to decide whether to convert. Please note that our telephone operators will not be able to give you this information. 

    You can find out if your aircraft is EASA registered using G-INFO.  

    Look for the box titled “EASA CATEGORY”. If this lists a category (such as CS21, CS23, CS22) it means the aircraft is EASA registered. If it states “NON-EASA” in the box it is not an EASA aircraft.

    You can also find this information on the Certificate of Airworthiness or by speaking to your flying club.

    EASA licences have a lifetime validity, and there will be no need to renew this licence one it has been issued. If you wish to exercise the privileges of your licence, you will need to ensure that your medical is valid and your ratings are current. Renewal/revalidation requirements can be found in CAP 804 Section 4 Part H.

    An EASA Class 2 medical is required at a minimum in order to convert to and exercise the privileges of an EASA PPL.

    Privileges

    PPL(A): The privileges of the holder of a PPL(A) are to act without remuneration as PIC or co-pilot on aeroplanes or TMGs engaged in non-commercial operations for a PPL(A). The PPL(A) is not valid to fly EASA Sailplanes and Powered Sailplanes, except Touring Motor Gliders (TMGs), with an SPL or LAPL(S) required to operate these aircraft.

    PPL(H): The privileges of the holder of a PPL(H) are to act without remuneration as PIC or co-pilot of helicopters engaged in non-commercial operations.

    PPL(As): The privileges of the holder of a PPL(As) are to act without remuneration as PIC or co-pilot of airships engaged in non-commercial operations.

    NPPL to PPL conversion

    In order to convert an NPPL(A) SSEA issued before 8 April an EASA Part-FCL PPL or SEP respectively, you will need to ensure that you meet the requirements as set out in CAP 804, Section 4, Part P, 3.3, 'Conversion of UK National licences and ratings'. Please note that this CAP is currently under review and for reference only, however Section 4, Part P is valid in respect of the conversion requirements from a UK issued NPPL to a LAPL. 

    You will be required to follow the 'virtual' LAPL route to convert your NPPL to a PPL. In short, this involves meeting the requirements for the conversion of your NPPL to a LAPL, and then meeting the requirements for the PPL on the basis of holding a LAPL (even though the LAPL is not actually granted). The relevant PPL skill test will need to be completed. These requirements are stated in Part FCL Easy Access Rules, Subpart C, Section 2 - Specific requirements for the PPL aeroplane - PPL(A), FCL.210.A.PPL(A) Experience and Crediting (b). Once these requirements have been met you are then required to undertake and pass a PPL(A) skill test with an appropriately qualified Part FCL examiner.

    The following requirements will apply in order to convert to a LAPL licence:

    • Hold a current and valid Part-MED LAPL or higher medical certificate.  All medical records must be held in the UK.

    To exercise the privileges of a Flight Radiotelephony Operators Licence, the holder must have a lifetime English Language Proficiency ICAO Level 6, or non-expired English language proficiency at ICAO Level 4 or 5, which has been tested by an approved UK CAA examiner or language school - see CAP 804, Section 4, Part M 'FCL.055 - Language Proficiency'

    Please also refer to our guidance on English language proficiency testing and flight crew licensing

    On completion of the above the following documents are required:

    • PPL issue application form SRG1105(A)
    • PPL skill test report form SRG2128
    • Original flying logbook(s)
    • A copy of your Certificate of Revalidation page (from your previous UK licence) certified by your Examiner/Training Provider
    • Copy of current and valid UK issued Part-Med Medical certificate
    • Evidence of current Language Proficiency - can be endorsed on the SRG1199 if not already held
    • A certified true copy of photographic ID (passport or valid EEA/EU National Identity Card or full EU photographic driving licence)
    • The current fee as per the CAA Scheme of Charges £191.00 

    Please note that the NPPL(A) SSEA licence must have been issued by the UK CAA on or before 7 April 2018 in order to be convertible.

    If you do not already hold an NPPL(A) SSEA licence, please allow sufficient time to submit your application to the LAA and for them to submit the recommendation to us at least 10 working days prior to the 7 April.

    Note that if you hold an IMC/IRR and wish to continue to exercise the privileges of this rating, you must hold at least an EASA PPL. This rating does not appear on the EASA LAPL.

    An EASA LAPL medical is required at a minimum in order to convert to and exercise the privileges of an EASA LAPL.

    Currency

    Within the 24 months prior to intended flight, you must have completed:

    LAPL(A): in a single engine piston aeroplane or TMG:

    1. At least 12 hours of flight time as PIC, including 12 take-offs and landings;
      and;
    2. Refresher training of at least one hour of total flight time with an instructor

    LAPL(H): on the specific helicopter:

    1. At least six hours of flight time as PIC, including 6 take-offs, approaches and landings;
      and
    2. Refresher training of at least one hour total flight time with an instructor

    Where the recency requirements are no longer complied with, the privileges must be renewed in accordance with Part-FCL, which requires the holder to either:

    • Pass a proficiency check in the classes, groups or types of aircraft, as applicable;
      or
    • Complete the remainder of the flights and take-offs and landings or launches that are specified for recency under the supervision of an instructor.

    Privileges

    LAPL(A): The privileges of the holder of a LAPL for aeroplanes are to act as PIC on single-engine piston aeroplanes-land or TMG with a maximum certificated take-off mass of 2000 kg or less, carrying a maximum of three passengers, such that there are never more than four persons on board of the aircraft. Holders of a LAPL(A) shall only carry passengers once they have completed ten hours of flight time as PIC on aeroplanes or TMG after the issuance of the licence.

    LAPL(H): The privileges of the holder of a LAPL for helicopters are to act as PIC on single-engine helicopters with a maximum certificated take-off mass of 2000 kg or less, carrying a maximum of three passengers such that there are never more than four persons on board.

    NPPL to LAPL Conversion

    In order to convert an NPPL(A) SSEA or SLMG to an EASA Part-FCL LAPL SEP or TMG respectively, you will need to ensure that you meet the requirements as set out in CAP 804, Section 4, Part P, 3.3, 'Conversion of UK National licences and ratings'. Please note that this CAP is currently under review and for reference only, however Section 4, Part P is valid in respect of the conversion requirements from a UK issued NPPL to a LAPL. 

    The following requirements will apply in order to convert to a LAPL licence:

    1.  Hold a current and valid Part-MED LAPL or higher medical certificate.  All medical records must be held in the UK.  

    2. Hold a valid Language Proficiency level - See CAP 804, Section 4, Part M - 'ICAO and EASA Language Proficiency Requirements for Flight Crew'. The English Language Proficiency must have been tested by an approved UK CAA examiner or language school. 

    Please also refer to our guidance on English language proficiency testing and flight crew licensing

    On completion of the above the following documents are required:

    • Licence conversion application form SRG1104
    • A copy of your Certificate of Revalidation page (from your previous UK licence) certified by your Examiner/Training Provider
    • Copy of current and valid UK issued Part-Med Medical certificate
    • Evidence of current Language Proficiency - can be endorsed on the SRG1199 if not already held
    • A certified true copy of photographic ID (passport or valid EEA/EU National Identity Card or full EU photographic driving licence)
    • The current fee as per the CAA Scheme of Charges £41.00 

    Alternatively, you may apply using the online application form on our website.

    Please note that the NPPL(A) SSEA licence must have been issued by the UK CAA on or before 7 April 2018 to be convertible. If you do not already hold an NPPL(A) SSEA licence, please allow sufficient time to submit your application to the LAA and for them to submit the recommendation to us at least 10 working days prior to the 7 April.

    You can downgrade your EASA or UK PPL licence to an EASA LAPL licence. 

    The application paperwork is exactly the same as a standard conversion, please see the section below 'How to prepare and submit an application'.

    Please note that you will be required to surrender your PPL as pilots can only hold one EASA licence. 

     

    Please note that your NPPL must have been issued on or before 7 April 2018 in order to be convertible. 

    The deadline for submitting NPPL applications to us was 22 March 2018. NPPL SSEA licences issued before 08 April can be converted to an EASA licence at any time in the future, the application is the same.

    We will continue to issue NPPL licences, but any NPPLs obtained in the future will not be convertible to an EASA licence. 

    If you hold an NPPL SSEA licence that was issued after 7 April and you wish to obtain a LAPL licence, you will need to do the LAPL course (sitting all PPL exams, meeting the hours requirements and taking a LAPL Skills test). You may receive credit for your NPPL towards a LAPL(A) with SEP. Please refer to Part-FCL easy access rules FCL.110.A.LAPL(A) for information regarding credit towards flight training.  

    If you hold an NPPL SSEA licence that was issued after 7 April and you wish to obtain a PPL licence, you will need to do the PPL course (sitting all PPL exams, meeting the hours requirements and taking a PPL Skills test). You may receive up to a maximum credit of 6 hours from your NPPL. 

    You can contact our Technical team for guidance on the requirements you must meet at FCLweb@caa.co.uk. You will need to provide copies of your exam passes, a copy of your licence and a breakdown of your flying hours including aircraft type and registration and flying capacity (i.e. PIC, dual etc).

    Ratings such as aerobatics, mountain and towing can also be converted to the EASA licence. 

    To exercise the privileges of an aerobatics rating, sailplane and banner towing rating, or mountain rating, the rating must be endorsed on the EASA licence when flying EASA certified aircraft after 8 April 2018. Please refer to CAP 804 Part I Section 4 Part P for conversion requirements.  

    To take advantage of our conversion requirements you must have been exercising privileges on your National / JAR licence before 8 April 2018.

    Please note that if you wish to convert additional ratings held on a national licence of another EASA member state, such as for aerobatics or towing, you will be required to apply by submitting application form SRG 2157. In addition to this form, the UK CAA requires confirmation from the member state where this privilege is held that you have met the requirements of their conversion report for the applied for rating, including what that state would issue, and any remarks.

    However, pilots can continue to fly these ratings on national licences within LAPL privileges on EASA aircraft until 7 June 2018. 

    The UK CAA have issued an exemption allowing the holders of an NPPL(A) SLMG to fly EASA TMGs within UK airspace without holding an EASA licence. 

    It is not necessary for pilots wishing only to fly non-EASA (otherwise known as Annex II) aircraft to convert their licences - a UK national licence is required. Annex II of the Basic Regulation, the European legislation upon which flight crew licensing is based, lists the applicable Annex II aircraft which currently include:

    • Microlight aeroplanes;
    • Light gyroplanes;
    • Amateur built aircraft;
    • Ex-military aircraft;
    • Foot-launched aircraft;
    • Vintage aircraft that meet specific criteria for date of design and manufacture; 

    and

    • Aircraft built or modified for scientific or novel purposes.

    More detailed information on these categories can be found in Annex II to Regulation 216/2008 (EASA Basic Regulation). The classification of an individual aircraft registered in Europe is shown on the Certificate of Airworthiness or Permit to Fly for that aircraft.

    In the UK, if the aircraft type is covered by the ratings included in your EASA licence, you will be able to fly both EASA aircraft and UK-registered non-EASA aircraft on your EASA licence. However, certain non-EASA aircraft require specific UK national type ratings which can only be issued on a UK national licence (not on an EASA licence). If you wish to continue to fly these aircraft types after converting to an EASA licence, you can retain your UK national licence when making your conversion. Tick 'I wish to retain or be issued with a UK National Pilot's Licence to hold a type rating for Annex II aircraft' on the application form SRG1104 in order to be reissued with the UK PPL.

    If you do not currently hold a UK national licence, you can apply for one by submitting the following:

    • Application form SRG1104
    • Fee of £37 (+optional courier fee).
    • A certified copy of your EASA licence, this can be certified by a UK examiner, head of training, base captain, chief pilot etc.

    If you wish to obtain an NPPL then these applications are made through the BMAA and you would need to contact them directly.

    If you wish to use your national UK licence in another European member state, you will need to request approval in writing from that authority. 

    The requirement to hold language proficiency for use of FRTOL is stipulated by ICAO in Annex I to the International Convention on Civil Aviation. This sets out a requirement for all airplane and helicopter pilots, flight navigators and air traffic controllers to be proficient in their command of the languages that they use for radio communication.

    ICAO Annex I specifies the minimum standard for the holder of a licence to be Level 4, with licence holders assessed as Level 4 or 5 to be re-tested periodically. A person assessed as Level 6 need not be re-tested. As such, the UK CAA is bound to ensure that pilots operating the radio within an aircraft hold an ICAO English Language Proficiency.

    Please note that you must have a current and valid EASA part-MED medical certificate of the appropriate level (with medical records held by the CAA); a current and valid language proficiency level acceptable to the CAA and potentially current and valid type or class ratings appropriate to the privileges of the licence you wish to convert to.

    Refer to CAP 1441 for further information regarding medical declaration.

    • Step 1: application form, using the online conversion form or application form SRG 1104.
      Holders of professional licences can apply using e-Licensing for the conversion of a JAR/UK, CPL or ATPL. They can also apply for the addition of the aerobatic, banner and sailplane towing ratings using e-Licensing.

    • Step 2: proof of identity, using a certified copy of one of: passport; EU photographic driving licence; EU identity card.
    • Step 3: copies of your current licence. We require a certified copy of the Certificate of Tests page or Certificate of Revalidation page of your current licence.
    • Step 4: proof of meeting requirements. We require a copy of your current medical certificate and proof of your language proficiency
    • Step 5: payment, made by BACS, cheque, cash or card. More detailed information can be downloaded.

    The above requirements are the same regardless of whether your licence is current or has lapsed.

    You can also convert as part of another application. When you apply for a licensing change such as the issue or renewal of a rating, you must apply to convert to an EASA licence at the same time by including the additional application form and conversion fee. Conversion may be compulsory depending on the type of licence and type of application.

    Compulsory conversion will occur with the following actions if you hold a JAR licence:

    • Renewing your licence or changing the details on your licence 
    • Applying for issue of an EASA rating 
    • Renewing or revalidating an EASA rating 
    • Applying for a new language proficiency level to be printed on your licence 

    Please send your completed application form and supporting documentation to the following address:

    Shared Service Centre
    Licensing and Assessment
    Aviation House
    Gatwick Airport South
    West Sussex RH6 0YR

    You will need to hold a current EASA medical in order to apply for an EASA licence.

    Please use this grid to work out what level of medical you need to hold

    For professional pilots: If you wish to convert to an EASA CPL or ATPL licence you will need to hold a Class 1 medical. 

    For private pilots: Under ORS4 No.1254 pilots who hold an EASA LAPL or PPL can operate certain EASA airplanes, helicopters and TMGs up to LAPL privileges in the UK with a Medical Declaration. 

    This exemption has been updated to also allow UK National licence conversions to EASA equivalents using a medical declaration. 

    The medical declarations will only be valid to fly up to LAPL privileges within UK airspace, within the Crown Dependencies (with their permission) or where written agreement has been obtained from another EASA state. Medical declarations can also only be used for A to A flights (where take-off and landing occurs in the same dependency). 

    If a pilot wishes to fly an EASA aircraft with PPL privileges then they will need to hold a Class 2 Part-Med medical.


    You can convert to an EASA licence at any time, including after 8 April deadline. The application requirements will remain the same (see the section How to prepare and submit an application). 

    There are three exceptions:

    • Balloons and Sailplanes are subject to delays in the drafting of the relevant flight crew legislation. The UK will issue a short-term exemption for pilots of these categories, permitting the continued use of the current national licensing requirements for these categories of aircraft.

    • You cannot convert an NPPL SSEA licence that was issued after 7 April.

    • Microlights and gyroplanes cannot be converted to an equivalent Part-FCL licence.

    The cost of converting is currently:

    • £75 - private licences
    • £143 - professional licences
    • £41 - LAPL licences
  • Brexit

    It remains a mandatory regulatory requirement that all licence holders convert their JAR licence to EASA by 8 April 2018. The current Brexit negotiations do not have any impact on this legal requirement.

    Contact us

    Contact the licensing team at FCLWEB@caa.co.uk.