• Aim

    To fly an aeroplane under instrument flight rules with a minimum decision height of 200 feet (60 metres).

    Requirements for all applicants

    Pre-requisites

    You must have met English language proficiency requirements (link to general requirements LP) and hold one of the following licences:

    • a PPL(A) and FRTOL
      or
    • a CPL(A)
      or
    • an ATPL in another category of aircraft

    If you want to use the privileges of the IR(A) at night and you only hold a PPL(A) you will also need to hold a Night rating.
    You must have completed the flying training requirements for the issue of a multi-engine rating before beginning training for a multi engine instrument rating.

    Flying experience

    You must also have completed at least 50 hours of cross country flight time as Pilot in Command (PIC) in aeroplanes, TMGs, helicopters or airships of which at least 10 hours shall be in aeroplanes.

    Medical requirements

    You will need to hold a current and valid Class 1 Part medical or Class 2 medical with a valid audiogram to apply.

    Guidance on specific routes to gaining a CBIR

  • Theoretical knowledge training

    You will need to complete training for theoretical knowledge exams with an Authorised Training Organisation at any of the levels shown below:

    • ATPL(A)
    • CBIR / EIR (En-route Instrument Rating)
    • IR(A)

    Theoretical knowledge examination

    You will need a valid in pass in all of the exams for the level that you have chosen.

    Flying training

    All courses must be conducted at a training organisation that is approved to conduct competency based instrument rating courses.

    Single engine, single pilot

    A single-engine competency-based modular IR(A) course shall include at least 40 hours of instrument time under instruction, 

    • up to 10 hours may be instrument ground time in an FNPT I, 
      or 
    • up to 25 hours in an FFS or FNPT II.

    A maximum of 5 hours of FNPT II or FFS instrument ground time may be conducted in an FNPT I

    Multi engine, single pilot

    A multi-engine competency-based modular IR(A) course shall include at least 45
    hours instrument time under instruction,

    • up to 10 hours may be instrument ground time in an FNPT I, 
      or 
    • up to 30 hours in an FFS or FNPT II.
    • • A maximum of 5 hours of FNPT II or FFS instrument ground time may be conducted in an FNPT I.

    Skill test

    You must complete a skill test for the IR with a suitably qualified Part FCL examiner in the aeroplane.

    Theoretical knowledge training

    You can complete any of the following training with an Authorised Training Organisation

    • ATPL(A)
    • CBIR / EIR (En-route Instrument Rating)
    • IR(A)

    Theoretical knowledge examination

    You will need a valid in pass in all of the exams for the training route that you are following.

    Flying training

    Single engine, single pilot

    A maximum of 30 hours can be credited towards this 40 hour course.

    You must have completed:

    • a minimum of 10 hours of instrument flight time under instruction in an aeroplane at an Authorised Training Organisation.

    • A minimum of 25 hours of dual instrument instruction

    Multi engine, single pilot

    A maximum of 35 hours can be credited towards this 45 hour course.

    Up to 10 hours may be instrument ground time in an FNPT I, or up to 30 hours in an FFS or FNPT II. A maximum of 5 hours of FNPT II or FFS instrument ground time may be conducted in an FNPT I.

    Skill test

    You must complete a skill test for the IR with a suitably qualified Part FCL examiner in the aeroplane.

    Theoretical knowledge training

    You need to have completed the CBIR or IR(A) or EIR or ATPL(A) theoretical ground course with an approved training provider.

    Theoretical knowledge examination

    You need to have completed the CBIR or IR(A) or EIR or ATPL(A) theoretical examinations.
    Single engine, single pilot instrument ratings

    You can claim a maximum of 30 hours towards the 40 hours course if you have flown under IFR and IMC conditions under the privileges of an EIR, ICAO IR or IMC/IR(R).

    You must have completed:

    • a minimum of 10 hours of instrument flight time under instruction in an aeroplane at an Authorised Training Organisation.

    • A minimum of 25 hours of dual instrument instruction

    Multi engine, single pilot instrument ratings

    You can claim a maximum of 35 hours towards the 45 hours course if you have flown under IFR and IMC conditions under the privileges of an EIR, ICAO IR or IMC/IR(R).

    The flying training must include at least 10 hours of instrument flight time under instruction in an aeroplane at an approved training provider for the CBIR.

    The total amount of dual instrument instruction must be at least of 25 hours, of which at least 15 hours shall be completed in a multi-engine aeroplane.

    Skill test

    You must complete a skill test for the IR with a suitably qualified Part FCL examiner in the aeroplane. 

    Please note that there is no credit for UK Military pilots for the CBIR modular route at present and therefore only the credits agreed in the Military Accreditation Scheme (MAS) apply for the issue of an IR.

    Theoretical knowledge training

    You can complete any of the following training with an Authorised Training Organisation

    • ATPL(A)
    • CBIR / EIR (En-route Instrument Rating)
    • IR(A)

    Theoretical knowledge examination

    You will need a valid pass in all of the exams for the training route that you are following.

    Flying training

    Single engine, single pilot

    A maximum of 15 hours can be credited towards the 40 hours course.

    You must have completed:

    • a minimum of 10 hours of instrument flight time under instruction in an aeroplane at an Authorised Training Organisation.

    • A minimum of 25 hours of dual instrument instruction

    Multi engine, single pilot

    A maximum of 15 hours can be credited towards this 45 hour course.

    Up to 10 hours may be instrument ground time in an FNPT I, or up to 30 hours in an FFS or FNPT II. A maximum of 5 hours of FNPT II or FFS instrument ground time may be conducted in an FNPT I.

    You must have completed:

    • a minimum of 10 hours of instrument flight time under instruction in an aeroplane at an Authorised Training Organisation.

    • A minimum of 25 hours of dual instrument instruction- of which 15 hours must be in a multi-engine aeroplane.

    Skill test

    You must complete a skill test for the IR with a suitably qualified Part FCL examiner in the aeroplane.

    You must be an ICAO licence holder in current flying practice and have a minimum of 50 hours Pilot in Command in Instrument Flight Rules.

    You must hold a current and valid:

    • ICAO licence with a validating medical
    • Instrument rating

    Theoretical knowledge training

    None

    Theoretical knowledge examination

    This is assessed as part of the instrument rating skills test

    Single engine, single pilot instrument ratings

    You must complete a skill test for the IR with a suitably qualified Part FCL examiner in the aeroplane

    Multi engine, single pilot instrument ratings

    At least 15 hours of the 50 hour requirement for Pilot in Command in instrument flight rules must have been flown in a multi engine aeroplane.

    Skill test

    You must complete a skill test for the IR with a suitably qualified Part FCL examiner in the aeroplane.


  • How to apply

    e-Licensing

    You will need to hold a valid English Language Proficiency and your valid Part MED Medical certificate must be held on our UK database.

    • If you have completed a IR (A) modular course or are applying via the CBIR modular route, please download CAA5011 and apply using our e-Licensing system.
    • If you are applying via the UK Military Accreditation Scheme , you need to download CAA 5014 and apply using our e-Licensing system.
    • Please note that if you are converting from a 3rd country licence, you will need to complete the verification process first via SRG2142. Your original logbook may be requested as part of our quality process.

    Postal applications

    For all other routes, please apply via our postal application forms with all other required associated documents listed in the guidance of the application forms ( such as ID and logbooks):

    If you are applying on the basis of training and testing conducted by a non UK approved EASA Part FCL Approved Training Organisation you must provide copies of the following:

    • the ATO’s PART ORA approval certificate;
    • the examiners licence, medical and authorisation certificate;
    • return email confirmation from testnotification@caa.co.uk

    If you are applying on the basis of a Third country ICAO licence conversion you will need to provide us:

    • the original Third country ICAO licence ,validating medical certificate and certificate of revalidation; or
    • a copy certified by the Head of Training of an Approved Training Organisation (ATO), or the holder of a registration for a Registered Training Facility (RTF), or a UK approved examiner

    Original logbooks or electronic logbooks 

    • Electronic logbooks are acceptable for all types of application provided they have been printed, signed and dated.
    • If your ICAO licence does not show the validity dates of the ratings, please submit certified copies of logbook pages showing the rating validity and test dates.
  • Related Information

    How to find a UK examiner or UK approved school

    EASA ratings list and flight simulators