• Services such as check-in and baggage handling are contracted to ground handling agents at airports by the operating airlines.

    Dangerous goods are routinely carried by passengers in their cabin or checked baggage and on their person and international provisions are in place which, when complied with, ensure that they can be carried safely.

    What are dangerous goods?

    Many items which might appear to be harmless in everyday use can pose dangers wherever they are carried on an aircraft and are consequently forbidden for carriage by passengers either in the cabin or in their checked baggage. Examples of forbidden items include:

    Explosives: fireworks, flares, party poppers, toy caps
    Gases: mace, camping gas, culinary glazing torches
    Flammable liquids: machines with petrol fuelled engines including those which have been drained, petrol, lighter fluid
    Flammable solids: non-safety matches
    Oxidisers: bleach
    Poisons: pesticides
    Corrosives: car batteries, mercury

    Information on the hazards to flight safety from improper Lithium batteries

    Checklists for dangerous goods training programmes

    The AN(DG)Rs place responsibility for the safe carriage of dangerous goods on all parties involved in the transportation. This is inclusive of ground handling staff who check-in passengers and process baggage.

    Anyone involved in the process of sending dangerous goods by air, whether the originator of the goods, the company that packs them or delivers them to the airport, the handling agent and the aircraft operator, has a legal responsibility to ensure that the applicable requirements have been met.

    Failure to do so may endanger the aircraft, its occupants or persons handling the dangerous goods and may result in prosecution of the person responsible for the incident.

    Additionally, all involved in the transport of dangerous goods should consider security requirements for the dangerous goods appropriate with their responsibilities. Dangerous Goods Security awareness training should address the nature of security risks, recognising security risks, methods to address and reduce risks and actions to be taken in the event of a security breach.

    Please note that the security risks which apply to dangerous goods are not related to the DfT’s security restrictions placed on liquids, aerosols and gels.

    The following staff of a ground handling agent must receive dangerous goods training:

    Ramp / Baggage Handling:

    • Staff accepting dangerous goods;
    • Staff accepting cargo, mail or stores (other than dangerous goods);

    Passenger Handling Staff (check-in):

    • Passenger handling staff; and
    • Passenger assistance staff.

    Security screeners, including:

    • Security staff who deal with the screening of passengers and their baggage and cargo, mail or stores, such as security screeners and staff involved in implementing security procedures.

    Frequently asked questions

  • Dangerous goods training must be provided or verified upon employment, before you carry out any of the functions for which you are employed involving dangerous goods or general cargo.

    Persons involved in the tasks listed above must be trained in the requirements corresponding with their responsibilities and must include familiarisation, function-specific training and safety training. Table 1.4 of the Technical Instructions provides the subject matter relating to dangerous goods transport with which various categories of personnel should be familiar.

    Yes, provided that the training covered the areas required by your new role and you can provide your new employer with a copy of the certificate that was issued when you were last trained.

    No. It is a legal requirement that dangerous goods training MUST be kept current. Failure to receive recurrent dangerous goods training and continuing to carry out a function involved in the processing or the carriage of cargo (whether or not it includes dangerous goods), would be a contravention of the Air Navigation (Dangerous Goods) Regulations. The same rules apply to staff of operators.