Alternative dispute resolution or ADR means settling your dispute without asking a court to decide on your issue.
The ADR Directive is European legislation which required Member States to act to increase consumers’ access to ADR.
When implementing the ADR Directive the UK government noted in particular that there was an unmet need regarding
complaints from consumers that stemmed from aviation contracts. As the UK’s specialist aviation regulator the CAA was
appointed by the government to be the UK’s competent authority to approve ADR providers as fit to offer ADR services to
consumers of aviation services.
The CAA‘s role, as a specialist aviation regulator, combined with its strategic objective to improve choice and
value for aviation consumers, means it is best placed to consider the competence and suitability of ADR applicants to
provide alternative dispute resolution procedures to consumers of aviation.
We have published the following letters for airlines flying in and out of the UK which set-out the requirements of
the UK Regulations, notably as regards the ‘trader information requirements’.
Airlines should read the letters which contain details on their obligations to provide information to the consumer;
what and when.
It is particularly important to note that since 1 October 2015 airlines needed to have adjusted their complaint
handling procedures such that once internal complaint handling in respect of a complaint has been exhausted, the
complainant is informed by the airline of the name and website address of an ADR provider competent to deal with the
consumer’s complaint. This can be an ADR provider approved by the CAA or a competent ADR provider approved by another
EU Member State.
The airline will also need to inform the complainant whether or not the airline agrees to participate in the named
ADR provider’s procedures and if so, the ADR provider’s name and website address must be available on the airline’s
website and sales/service contracts.
Under the Directive, Member States’ ‘competent authorities’ can approve bodies to act as ADR providers. The CAA is
the competent authority to assess, and if applicable, approve ADR providers in respect of consumer disputes stemming
from aviation contacts.
As soon as approvals are granted the CAA will update the following list of approved ADR providers.
Guidance is provided in our publication CAA policy on assessing
'competency' of proposed airline ADR schemes with 'EU listed bodies' (competent authorities in other European
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